Signal Processing

Acquisition and processing of information.

Our research in the area of signal processing encompasses a wide range of work in the areas of communications, sensing, estimation, localization, and speech and visual information processing. We explore novel approaches for signal acquisition and coding, methods to filter and recover signals in the presence of noise and other degrading factors, and techniques that infer meaning from the processed signals.

  • Researchers

  • Awards

    •  AWARD   MERL Researchers Won IEEE ICC Best Paper Award
      Date: May 22, 2019
      Awarded to: Siriramya Bhamidipati, Kyeong Jin Kim, Hongbo Sun, Philip Orlik
      MERL Contacts: Kyeong Jin (K.J.) Kim; Hongbo Sun
      Research Areas: Artificial Intelligence, Communications, Machine Learning, Signal Processing, Information Security
      Brief
      • MERL researchers, Kyeong Jin Kim, Hongbo Sun, Philip Orlik, along with lead author and former MERL intern Siriramya Bhamidipati were awarded the Smart Grid Symposium Best Paper Award at this year's International Conference on Communications (ICC) held in Shanghai, China. There paper titled "GPS Spoofing Detection and Mitigation in PMUs Using Distributed Multiple Directional Antennas," described a technique to rapidly detect and mitigate GPS timing attacks/errors via hardware (antennas) and signal processing (Kalman Filtering).
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    •  AWARD   MERL researcher wins IEEE Young Author Best Paper award
      Date: January 2, 2019
      Awarded to: Siheng Chen
      MERL Contact: Siheng Chen
      Research Area: Signal Processing
      Brief
      • MERL researcher, Siheng Chen, has won an IEEE Young Author Best Paper award for his paper entitled "Discrete Signal Processing on Graphs: Sampling Theory". This paper, published in the December 2015 issue of IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, proposes a sampling theory for signals that are supported on either directed or undirected graphs. The theory follows the same paradigm as classical sampling theory and shows that perfect recovery is possible for graph signals bandlimited under the graph Fourier transform. The award honors the authors of an especially meritorious paper dealing with a subject related to IEEE's technical scope and appearing in one if its journals within a three year window of eligibility.
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    •  AWARD   Former Intern Receives IBM Scientific Award Honorable Mention
      Date: January 16, 2019
      Awarded to: Daniel Dinis
      MERL Contact: Rui Ma
      Research Areas: Communications, Signal Processing
      Brief
      • Former MERL intern Daniel Dinis from University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal has received the 2018 IBM Scientific Award with Honorable Mention referring to the contributions on "Real-time Tunable Delta-sigma modulators for All-Digital RF Transmitters" in his Ph.D. study.

        The award-winning work includes research conducted under the supervision of Arnaldo Oliveira and José Neto Vieira, professors from the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DETI) of the UA, as well as contributions made during Daniel's 7 month internship in 2017 at MERL.

        The ceremony for the presentation of the 28th IBM Scientific Prize took on January 16th, at the Noble Hall of the Superior Technical Institute. It was chaired by Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, President of the Portuguese Republic.
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  • News & Events

    •  NEWS   MERL Scientists Presenting 5 Papers at IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC) 2020
      Date: June 7, 2020 - June 11, 2020
      Where: Dublin, Ireland
      MERL Contacts: Kyeong Jin (K.J.) Kim; Toshiaki Koike-Akino; Ye Wang
      Research Areas: Communications, Machine Learning, Signal Processing, Digital Video
      Brief
      • Due to COVID-19, MERL Network Intelligence Team scientists remotely presented 5 papers at the IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC) 2020, that was scheduled to be held in Dublin Ireland from June 7-11, 2020. Topics presented include recent advances in deep learning methods for communications and new access systems. Presentation videos are also found on our YouTube channel. Our developed technologies can facilitate a great advancement in broadband virtual conferencing which is required in post-COVID-19 society.

        IEEE ICC is one of the IEEE Communications Society’s two flagship conferences dedicated to driving innovation in nearly every aspect of communications. Each year, more than 2,900 scientific researchers submit proposals for program sessions to be held at the annual conference. The high-quality proposals are selected for the conference program, which includes technical papers, tutorials, workshops and industry sessions designed specifically to advance technologies, systems and infrastructure that are continuing to reshape the world and provide all users with access to an unprecedented spectrum of high-speed, seamless and cost-effective global telecommunications services.
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    •  NEWS   MERL Researcher Pu (Perry) Wang organized a special session on automotive radar sensing at IEEE SAM Workshop 2020
      Date: June 8, 2020 - June 12, 2020
      Where: Virtual Hangzhou
      MERL Contact: Pu (Perry) Wang
      Research Areas: Artificial Intelligence, Computational Sensing, Dynamical Systems, Machine Learning, Signal Processing
      Brief
      • MERL researcher Pu (Perry) Wang organized a special session on June 10, 2020 titled Automotive Radar Sensing. Presentations included topics from deep waveform design, object tracking, mutual interference mitigation with their applications to high-resolution automotive imaging. The session's contributors come from both academia and industry.

        In this special session, our previous intern Yuxuan Xia (Chalmers Institute of Technology, Sweden) presented our work on extended object tracking using low-cost automotive radar sensors with a realistic measurement model. Yuxuan was also selected to be one of the six best student paper finalists at IEEE SAM 2020.
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  • Research Highlights

  • Internships

    • MD1370: Machine Learning based DPD for Power Amplifier

      MERL is looking for a talented intern to work on the next generation Digital-predistortion algorithms for power amplifier linearization such as 5G. The development of a DPD system involves aspects of signal processing and statistical algorithm design, RF components and instrumentation, digital hardware and software. It is therefore both a challenging and intellectually rewarding experience. This will involve MATLAB coding, interfacing to test equipment such as power sources, signal generators and analyzers and construction and calibration of RF component assemblies. The ideal candidate should have knowledge and experience in adaptive signal processing, machine learning, and radio communication. Good practical laboratory skills are needed. RF semiconductor devices and circuit knowledge is a plus. Duration is 3 to 6 months.

    • SP1409: Coherent optical transmission systems

      MERL is seeking an intern to work on systems and subsystems for coherent optical fiber transmission. The ideal candidate would be an experienced PhD student or post-graduate researcher working in optical communications. The candidate should have a detailed knowledge of optical communications systems at the physical layer and digital signal processing for digital coherent communication, with a focus on optical fiber communication. Strong programming skills in Matlab are essential. Experience of working in a lab environment would be advantageous. Duration is 3 to 6 months.

    • SP1155: Coexistence of the Heterogeneous Wireless Technologies

      MERL is seeking a highly motivated, qualified intern to join the Electronics and Communications group for a three month internship program. The ideal candidate will be expected to carry out research on coexistence of the heterogeneous wireless technologies in the Sub-1 GHz (S1G) band. The candidate is expected to develop innovative coexistence technology for IEEE 802.15.4g to mitigate interference caused by other S1G technologies such as IEEE 802.11ah, LoRa and SigFox. The candidates should have knowledge of 802.15.4g and 802.11ah protocols. Additionally, the candidate should also be familiar with NS3 simulators. Candidates in their junior or senior years of a Ph.D. program are encouraged to apply.


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  • Openings


    See All Openings at MERL
  • Recent Publications

    •  Han, M., Ozdenizci, O., Wang, Y., Koike-Akino, T., Erdogmus, D., "Disentangled Adversarial Transfer Learning for Physiological Biosignals", International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), July 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-109 PDF Video
      • @inproceedings{Han2020jul,
      • author = {Han, Mo and Ozdenizci, Ozan and Wang, Ye and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Erdogmus, Deniz},
      • title = {Disentangled Adversarial Transfer Learning for Physiological Biosignals},
      • booktitle = {International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)},
      • year = 2020,
      • month = jul,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-109}
      • }
    •  Liu, D., Chen, S., Boufounos, P.T., "Graph-Based Array Signal Denoising for Perturbed Synthetic Aperture Radar", IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), July 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-114 PDF
      • @inproceedings{Liu2020jul,
      • author = {Liu, Dehong and Chen, Siheng and Boufounos, Petros T.},
      • title = {Graph-Based Array Signal Denoising for Perturbed Synthetic Aperture Radar},
      • booktitle = {IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)},
      • year = 2020,
      • month = jul,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-114}
      • }
    •  Xu, X., Dhifallah, O., Mansour, H., Boufounos, P.T., Orlik, P.V., "Robust 3D Tomographic Imaging of the Iononspheric Electron Density", IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), July 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-113 PDF
      • @inproceedings{Xu2020jul,
      • author = {Xu, Xiaojian and Dhifallah, Oussama and Mansour, Hassan and Boufounos, Petros T. and Orlik, Philip V.},
      • title = {Robust 3D Tomographic Imaging of the Iononspheric Electron Density},
      • booktitle = {IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)},
      • year = 2020,
      • month = jul,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-113}
      • }
    •  Menner, M., Berntorp, K., Di Cairano, S., "Inverse Learning for Data-driven Calibration of Model-based Statistical Path Planning", Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles, July 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-106 PDF
      • @article{Menner2020jul,
      • author = {Menner, Marcel and Berntorp, Karl and Di Cairano, Stefano},
      • title = {Inverse Learning for Data-driven Calibration of Model-based Statistical Path Planning},
      • journal = {Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles},
      • year = 2020,
      • month = jul,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-106}
      • }
    •  Berntorp, K., "Online Bayesian Tire-Friction Learning by Gaussian-Process State-Space Models", World Congress of the International Federation of Automatic Control (IFAC), July 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-104 PDF
      • @inproceedings{Berntorp2020jul,
      • author = {Berntorp, Karl},
      • title = {Online Bayesian Tire-Friction Learning by Gaussian-Process State-Space Models},
      • booktitle = {World Congress of the International Federation of Automatic Control (IFAC)},
      • year = 2020,
      • month = jul,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-104}
      • }
    •  Skvortcov, P., Phillips, I., Forysiak, W., Koike-Akino, T., Kojima, K., Parsons, K., Millar, D.S., "Nonlinearity Tolerant LUT-based Probabilistic Shaping for Extended-Reach Single-Span Links", IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, DOI: 10.1109/LPT.2020.3006737, Vol. 32, No. 16, pp. 967-970, July 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-107 PDF
      • @article{Skvortcov2020jul,
      • author = {Skvortcov, Pavel and Phillips, Ian and Forysiak, Wladek and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Kojima, Keisuke and Parsons, Kieran and Millar, David S.},
      • title = {Nonlinearity Tolerant LUT-based Probabilistic Shaping for Extended-Reach Single-Span Links},
      • journal = {IEEE Photonics Technology Letters},
      • year = 2020,
      • volume = 32,
      • number = 16,
      • pages = {967--970},
      • month = jul,
      • doi = {10.1109/LPT.2020.3006737},
      • issn = {1941-0174},
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-107}
      • }
    •  Greiff, M., Berntorp, K., "Optimal Measurement Projections with Adaptive Mixture Kalman Filtering for GNSS Positioning", American Control Conference (ACC), July 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-097 PDF
      • @inproceedings{Greiff2020jul,
      • author = {Greiff, Marcus and Berntorp, Karl},
      • title = {Optimal Measurement Projections with Adaptive Mixture Kalman Filtering for GNSS Positioning},
      • booktitle = {American Control Conference (ACC)},
      • year = 2020,
      • month = jul,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-097}
      • }
    •  Kim, K.J., Liu, H., Wen, M., Orlik, P.V., Poor, H.V., "Secrecy Performance Analysis of Distributed Asynchronous Cyclic Delay Diversity-Based Cooperative Single Carrier Systems", IEEE Transactions on Communications, June 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-084 PDF
      • @article{Kim2020jun2,
      • author = {Kim, Kyeong Jin and Liu, Hongwu and Wen, Maiwen and Orlik, Philip V. and Poor, H. Vincent},
      • title = {Secrecy Performance Analysis of Distributed Asynchronous Cyclic Delay Diversity-Based Cooperative Single Carrier Systems},
      • journal = {IEEE Transactions on Communications},
      • year = 2020,
      • month = jun,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-084}
      • }
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  • Videos

  • Software Downloads