Communications

Wireless and optical communications.

We conduct advanced research in wireless and optical communications from the network layer down to the physical layer, including highly reliable machine-to-machine wireless networks, routing and scheduling for IoT networks, massive MIMO for 5G systems, flexible wideband RF front-end architectures, advanced error correction coding, and novel modulation and transmission techniques with adaptive signal processing for coherent fiber-optic and free-space optical communications.

  • Researchers

  • Awards

    •  AWARD   Best Paper AWARD at International Workshop on Informatics (IWIN) 2020
      Date: September 11, 2020
      Awarded to: Yukimasa Nagai, Jianlin Guo, Takenori Sumi, Philip Orlik, Hiroshi Mineno
      MERL Contact: Jianlin Guo
      Research Areas: Communications, Signal Processing
      Brief
      • MELCO and MERL researchers have won one of two Best Paper Awards at International Workshop on Informatics (IWIN) 2020. The paper titled 'Hybrid CSMA/CA for Sub-1 GHz Frequency Band Coexistence of IEEE 802.11ah and IEEE 802.15.4g', reports research on the severity of interference between IEEE 802.11ah and IEEE 802.15.4g based networks and also proposes methods to mitigate this interference in smart meter systems. This research reported in this paper has also informed several of MELCO/MERL's contributions to the IEEE P802.19.3 task group which is developing standards to allow for improved coexistence in outdoor metering systems. Authors are Yukimasa Nagai, Jianlin Guo, Takenori Sumi, Philip Orlik and Hiroshi Mineno.
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    •  AWARD   MERL Researchers Won IEEE ICC Best Paper Award
      Date: May 22, 2019
      Awarded to: Siriramya Bhamidipati, Kyeong Jin Kim, Hongbo Sun, Philip Orlik
      MERL Contacts: Kyeong Jin (K.J.) Kim; Hongbo Sun
      Research Areas: Artificial Intelligence, Communications, Machine Learning, Signal Processing, Information Security
      Brief
      • MERL researchers, Kyeong Jin Kim, Hongbo Sun, Philip Orlik, along with lead author and former MERL intern Siriramya Bhamidipati were awarded the Smart Grid Symposium Best Paper Award at this year's International Conference on Communications (ICC) held in Shanghai, China. There paper titled "GPS Spoofing Detection and Mitigation in PMUs Using Distributed Multiple Directional Antennas," described a technique to rapidly detect and mitigate GPS timing attacks/errors via hardware (antennas) and signal processing (Kalman Filtering).
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    •  AWARD   Former Intern Receives IBM Scientific Award Honorable Mention
      Date: January 16, 2019
      Awarded to: Daniel Dinis
      MERL Contact: Rui Ma
      Research Areas: Communications, Signal Processing
      Brief
      • Former MERL intern Daniel Dinis from University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal has received the 2018 IBM Scientific Award with Honorable Mention referring to the contributions on "Real-time Tunable Delta-sigma modulators for All-Digital RF Transmitters" in his Ph.D. study.

        The award-winning work includes research conducted under the supervision of Arnaldo Oliveira and José Neto Vieira, professors from the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DETI) of the UA, as well as contributions made during Daniel's 7 month internship in 2017 at MERL.

        The ceremony for the presentation of the 28th IBM Scientific Prize took on January 16th, at the Noble Hall of the Superior Technical Institute. It was chaired by Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, President of the Portuguese Republic.
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  • News & Events

    •  NEWS   Mitsubishi Electric Corporation and MERL Press Release Describes New 5G GaN Power Amplifier Technology
      Date: July 14, 2020
      Where: Tokyo, Japan
      MERL Contact: Rui Ma
      Research Areas: Communications, Electronic and Photonic Devices
      Brief
      • Mitsubishi Electric Corporation announced today its developement of a new technology to realize a gallium nitride (GaN) power amplifier module for 5G base-stations that offers a combination of compact (6mm by 10mm) footprint and high power-efficiency, the latter exceeding an unprecedented rating of 43%.

        MERL and Mitsubishi Electric researchers collaborated to develop high density mounting technology and matching circuit that uses a minimum number of chip components to achieve efficient, wide-band power amplification in the 3.4-3.8GHz bands used for 5G communication.

        Please see the link below for the full Mitsubishi Electric press release text. Technical details of the new module will be presented at the IEEE International Microwave Symposium this coming August.
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    •  NEWS   MERL Scientists Presenting 5 Papers at IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC) 2020
      Date: June 7, 2020 - June 11, 2020
      Where: Dublin, Ireland
      MERL Contacts: Kyeong Jin (K.J.) Kim; Toshiaki Koike-Akino; Ye Wang
      Research Areas: Communications, Machine Learning, Signal Processing, Digital Video
      Brief
      • Due to COVID-19, MERL Network Intelligence Team scientists remotely presented 5 papers at the IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC) 2020, that was scheduled to be held in Dublin Ireland from June 7-11, 2020. Topics presented include recent advances in deep learning methods for communications and new access systems. Presentation videos are also found on our YouTube channel. Our developed technologies can facilitate a great advancement in broadband virtual conferencing which is required in post-COVID-19 society.

        IEEE ICC is one of the IEEE Communications Society’s two flagship conferences dedicated to driving innovation in nearly every aspect of communications. Each year, more than 2,900 scientific researchers submit proposals for program sessions to be held at the annual conference. The high-quality proposals are selected for the conference program, which includes technical papers, tutorials, workshops and industry sessions designed specifically to advance technologies, systems and infrastructure that are continuing to reshape the world and provide all users with access to an unprecedented spectrum of high-speed, seamless and cost-effective global telecommunications services.
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  • Research Highlights

  • Internships

    • SP1155: Coexistence of the Heterogeneous Wireless Technologies

      MERL is seeking a highly motivated, qualified intern to join the Electronics and Communications group for a three month internship program. The ideal candidate will be expected to carry out research on coexistence of the heterogeneous wireless technologies in the Sub-1 GHz (S1G) band. The candidate is expected to develop innovative coexistence technology for IEEE 802.15.4g to mitigate interference caused by other S1G technologies such as IEEE 802.11ah, LoRa and SigFox. The candidates should have knowledge of 802.15.4g and 802.11ah protocols. Additionally, the candidate should also be familiar with NS3 simulators. Candidates in their junior or senior years of a Ph.D. program are encouraged to apply.

    • SP1409: Coherent optical transmission systems

      MERL is seeking an intern to work on systems and subsystems for coherent optical fiber transmission. The ideal candidate would be an experienced PhD student or post-graduate researcher working in optical communications. The candidate should have a detailed knowledge of optical communications systems at the physical layer and digital signal processing for digital coherent communication, with a focus on optical fiber communication. Strong programming skills in Matlab are essential. Experience of working in a lab environment would be advantageous. Duration is 3 to 6 months.

    • MD1370: Machine Learning based DPD for Power Amplifier

      MERL is looking for a talented intern to work on the next generation Digital-predistortion algorithms for power amplifier linearization such as 5G. The development of a DPD system involves aspects of signal processing and statistical algorithm design, RF components and instrumentation, digital hardware and software. It is therefore both a challenging and intellectually rewarding experience. This will involve MATLAB coding, interfacing to test equipment such as power sources, signal generators and analyzers and construction and calibration of RF component assemblies. The ideal candidate should have knowledge and experience in adaptive signal processing, machine learning, and radio communication. Good practical laboratory skills are needed. RF semiconductor devices and circuit knowledge is a plus. Duration is 3 to 6 months.


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  • Recent Publications

    •  Guo, J., Nagai, Y., Sumi, T., Orlik, P.V., Yamauchi, T., "Hybrid CSMA/CA for Sub-1 GHz Frequency Band Coexistence of IEEE 802.11ah and IEEE 802.15.4g", International Workshop on Informatics (IWIN), September 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-127 PDF
      • @inproceedings{Guo2020sep,
      • author = {Guo, Jianlin and Nagai, Yukimasa and Sumi, Takenori and Orlik, Philip V. and Yamauchi, Takahisa},
      • title = {Hybrid CSMA/CA for Sub-1 GHz Frequency Band Coexistence of IEEE 802.11ah and IEEE 802.15.4g},
      • booktitle = {International Workshop on Informatics (IWIN)},
      • year = 2020,
      • month = sep,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-127}
      • }
    •  Skvortcov, P., Phillips, I., Forysiak, W., Koike-Akino, T., Kojima, K., Parsons, K., Millar, D.S., "Nonlinearity Tolerant LUT-based Probabilistic Shaping for Extended-Reach Single-Span Links", IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, DOI: 10.1109/LPT.2020.3006737, Vol. 32, No. 16, pp. 967-970, July 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-107 PDF
      • @article{Skvortcov2020jul,
      • author = {Skvortcov, Pavel and Phillips, Ian and Forysiak, Wladek and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Kojima, Keisuke and Parsons, Kieran and Millar, David S.},
      • title = {Nonlinearity Tolerant LUT-based Probabilistic Shaping for Extended-Reach Single-Span Links},
      • journal = {IEEE Photonics Technology Letters},
      • year = 2020,
      • volume = 32,
      • number = 16,
      • pages = {967--970},
      • month = jul,
      • doi = {10.1109/LPT.2020.3006737},
      • issn = {1941-0174},
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-107}
      • }
    •  Kim, K.J., Liu, H., Wen, M., Orlik, P.V., Poor, H.V., "Secrecy Performance Analysis of Distributed Asynchronous Cyclic Delay Diversity-Based Cooperative Single Carrier Systems", IEEE Transactions on Communications, June 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-084 PDF
      • @article{Kim2020jun2,
      • author = {Kim, Kyeong Jin and Liu, Hongwu and Wen, Maiwen and Orlik, Philip V. and Poor, H. Vincent},
      • title = {Secrecy Performance Analysis of Distributed Asynchronous Cyclic Delay Diversity-Based Cooperative Single Carrier Systems},
      • journal = {IEEE Transactions on Communications},
      • year = 2020,
      • month = jun,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-084}
      • }
    •  Lee, G., Guo, J., Kim, K.J., Orlik, P.V., Ahn, H., Di Cairano, S., Saad, W., "Edge Computing for Interconnected Intersections in Internet of Vehicles", IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, June 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-081 PDF
      • @inproceedings{Lee2020jun,
      • author = {Lee, Gilsoo and Guo, Jianlin and Kim, Kyeong Jin and Orlik, Philip V. and Ahn, Heejin and Di Cairano, Stefano and Saad, Walid},
      • title = {Edge Computing for Interconnected Intersections in Internet of Vehicles},
      • booktitle = {IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium},
      • year = 2020,
      • month = jun,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-081}
      • }
    •  Koike-Akino, T., Wang, Y., "Stochastic Bottleneck: Rateless Auto-Encoder for Flexible Dimensionality Reduction", IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT), DOI: 10.1109/ISIT44484.2020.9174523, June 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-075 PDF Video Presentation
      • @inproceedings{Koike-Akino2020jun,
      • author = {Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Wang, Ye},
      • title = {Stochastic Bottleneck: Rateless Auto-Encoder for Flexible Dimensionality Reduction},
      • booktitle = {IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT)},
      • year = 2020,
      • month = jun,
      • publisher = {IEEE},
      • doi = {10.1109/ISIT44484.2020.9174523},
      • issn = {2157-8117},
      • isbn = {978-1-7281-6432-8},
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-075}
      • }
    •  Komatsuszaki, Y., Ma, R., Sakata, S., Nakatani, K., Shinjo, S., "A Dual-Mode Bias Circuit Enabled GaN Doherty Amplifier Operating in 0.85-2.05GHz and 2.4-4.2GHz", IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS), June 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-080 PDF
      • @inproceedings{Komatsuszaki2020jun,
      • author = {Komatsuszaki, Yuji and Ma, Rui and Sakata, Shuichi and Nakatani, Keigo and Shinjo, Shintaro},
      • title = {A Dual-Mode Bias Circuit Enabled GaN Doherty Amplifier Operating in 0.85-2.05GHz and 2.4-4.2GHz},
      • booktitle = {IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS)},
      • year = 2020,
      • month = jun,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-080}
      • }
    •  Sakata, S., Kato, K., Teranishi, E., Sugitani, T., Ma, R., Chuang, K., Wu, Y., Fukunaga, K., Komatsuszaki, Y., Kenichi, H., Yamanaka, K., Shinjo, S., "A Fully-Integrated GaN Doherty Power Amplifier Module with a Compact Frequency-Dependent Compensation Circuit for 5G massive MIMO Base Stations", IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS), June 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-077 PDF
      • @inproceedings{Sakata2020jun,
      • author = {Sakata, Shuichi and Kato, Katsuya and Teranishi, Eri and Sugitani, Takumi and Ma, Rui and Chuang, Kevin and Wu, Yuchen and Fukunaga, Kei and Komatsuszaki, Yuji and Kenichi, Horiguchi and Yamanaka, Koji and Shinjo, Shintaro},
      • title = {A Fully-Integrated GaN Doherty Power Amplifier Module with a Compact Frequency-Dependent Compensation Circuit for 5G massive MIMO Base Stations},
      • booktitle = {IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS)},
      • year = 2020,
      • month = jun,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-077}
      • }
    •  Sravan Kumar, P., Ma, R., "Design Considerations and FPGA Implementation of a Wideband All-Digital Transmit Beamformer with 50% Fractional Bandwidth", IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS), June 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-078 PDF
      • @inproceedings{SravanKumar2020jun,
      • author = {Sravan Kumar, Pulipati and Ma, Rui},
      • title = {Design Considerations and FPGA Implementation of a Wideband All-Digital Transmit Beamformer with 50% Fractional Bandwidth},
      • booktitle = {IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS)},
      • year = 2020,
      • month = jun,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-078}
      • }
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