News & Events

1,224 News items, Awards, Events and Talks related to MERL and its staff.


  •  AWARD   Awaya Prize Young Researcher Award
    Date: September 26, 2013
    Awarded to: Jonathan Le Roux
    Awarded for: "A new non-negative dynamical system for speech and audio modeling"
    Awarded by: Acoustical Society of Japan (ASJ)
    MERL Contact: Jonathan Le Roux
    Research Area: Speech & Audio
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  •  TALK   Design of Active Inputs for Set-Based Fault Diagnosis
    Date & Time: Friday, September 6, 2013; 12:00 PM
    Speaker: Dr. Davide M. Raimondo, University of Pavia, Italy
    MERL Host: Stefano Di Cairano
    Brief
    • Although there are many fault diagnosis algorithms available, there has been very little work on the design or modification of control inputs with the aim of increasing the detectability and isolability of faults. The use of such inputs has clear potential for overcoming a central difficulty in fault detection, which is to distinguish the effects of faults from those of disturbances, process uncertainties, etc. Accordingly, the use of active inputs could be a transformative technology in industry, provided that such inputs can be computed reliably and efficiently.
      This presentation discusses new methods for computing active inputs that guarantee that the input-output data of a process will be sufficient to correctly identify a fault from a given library of possible faults. This problem is inherently nonconvex and has a combinatorial dependence on the number of faults considered. To address this, a new formulation is considered, along with related approximations, that is amenable to efficient solution using standard optimization packages (e.g. CPLEX). The theoretical contributions combine ideas from reachability analysis, set-based computations, and optimization theory to exploit detailed problem structure and thereby manage the problem complexity. Comparisons with an existing method show that the proposed formulation provides a dramatic reduction in the required computational effort.
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  •  TALK   Decoupling Systems By Design
    Date & Time: Friday, August 23, 2013; 12:00 PM
    Speaker: Dr Cornel Sultan, Virginia Tech
    Brief
    • Coordinate coupling raises serious numerical, analysis, and control design problems that grow with the size of the system. On the other hand, decoupled dynamic equations facilitate all of the above processes since each equation can be treated independently. Unfortunately, due to the inherent heterogeneity typical of most practical, complex systems, these are not naturally decoupled so developing accurate enough decoupled approximations is of interest.

      In this talk the issue of building such accurate decoupled approximations is addressed by leveraging concepts from robust control theory. Specifically, system gains (e.g. energy gain, peak to peak gain) are used to characterize the approximation error. Then some system parameters are selected to minimize this approximation error. The advantage of using system gains is that the decoupling approximation is guaranteed to be accurate over an entire class of signals (e.g. finite energy/finite peak signals). These ideas are illustrated on linearized models of tensegrity structures which are designed to yield accurate decoupled models with respect to all signals of finite energy and finite peak. Further analysis corrects several misconceptions regarding decoupling, system properties, and control design.
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  •  NEWS   IEEE Signal Processing Magazine: publication by Ye Wang, Shantanu D. Rane and others
    Date: August 19, 2013
    Where: IEEE Signal Processing Magazine
    MERL Contact: Ye Wang
    Research Area: Information Security
    Brief
    • The article "Secure Biometrics: Concepts, Authentication Architectures & Challenges" by Rane, S., Wang, Y., Draper, S.C. and Ishwar, P. was published in IEEE Signal Processing Magazine
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  •  EVENT   IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, Special Issue on 3D Representation, Compression & Rendering
    Date: Thursday, August 1, 2013
    MERL Contact: Anthony Vetro
    Brief
    • Anthony Vetro is Guest Editor for the Special Issue on 3D Representation, Compression & Rendering of the IEEE Transactions on Image Processing.
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  •  TALK   A Dirichlet Process Mixture Model for Clustering of Household Electricity Load Profiles
    Date & Time: Tuesday, July 30, 2013; 12:00 PM
    Speaker: Ramon Granell, Oxford University
    MERL Host: Daniel Nikovski
    Research Area: Data Analytics
    Brief
    • We show that real electricity-use patterns can be distinguished using a Bayesian nonparametric model based on the Dirichlet Process Mixture Model. By modelling the load profiles as discrete counters we make use of the Dirichlet-Multinomial distribution. Clusters are computed with the Chinese Restaurant Process method and posterior probabilities distributions estimated with a Gibbs sampling algorithm.
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  •  TALK   Topics in Intelligent Building Systems Control
    Date & Time: Tuesday, July 23, 2013; 12:00 PM
    Speaker: Dr. Sandipan Mishra, Renssealer Polytechnic Institute
    MERL Host: Stefano Di Cairano
    Brief
    • This talk will present the breadth of research activities in the Intelligent Systems, Automation & Control Laboratory at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, ranging from building systems control to additive manufacturing and adaptive optics. In particular, we will focus on the modeling and control design paradigms for intelligent building systems and smart LED lighting systems. Since building systems have substantial variability of occupancy, usage, ambient environment, and physical properties over time, strategies for "model-free" control algorithms for building temperature control will be illustrated. The seminar will also discuss the state-of-the-art in feedback control of lighting systems and demonstrate the efficacy of distributed control and consensus type algorithms for these large-scale lighting systems. Finally, some interesting examples of bio-inspired estimation from blurry images for adaptive optics will be presented.
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  •  NEWS   IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting: publication by Zafer Sahinoglu and others
    Date: July 21, 2013
    Where: IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting
    Research Areas: Electric Systems, Signal Processing
    Brief
    • The paper "Fast Frequency and Phase Estimation in Three Phase Power Systems" by Chen, Z., Sahinoglu, Z. and Li, H. was presented at the IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting
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  •  NEWS   MLDM 2013: publication by Alan W. Esenther, Daniel N. Nikovski, Hongbo Sun and others
    Date: July 19, 2013
    Where: International Conference on Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognion (MLDM)
    MERL Contacts: Hongbo Sun; Daniel Nikovski
    Research Area: Data Analytics
    Brief
    • The paper "Smart Meter Data Analysis for Power Theft Detection" by Nikovski, D., Wang, Z., Esenther, A., Sun, H., Sugiura, K., Muso, T. and Tsuru, K. was presented at the International Conference on Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognion (MLDM)
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  •  TALK   Challenges in Model-Based System Engineering: Past, Present and Future
    Date & Time: Tuesday, July 16, 2013; 12:00 PM
    Speaker: Dr. Michael Tiller, Xogeny
    MERL Host: Daniel Burns
    Brief
    • Model-based System Engineering has been recognized, for some time, as a way for companies to improve their product development processes. However, change takes time in engineering and we still have only scratched the surface of what is possible. New ideas and technologies are constantly emerging that can improve a model-based approach. In this talk, I will discuss some of my past experiences with model-based system engineering in the automotive industry. I'll also discuss the shifts I see from numerical approaches to more symbolic approaches and how this manifests itself in a shift from imperative representations of engineering models to more declarative ones. I'll cover some of the interesting challenges I've seen trying to model automotive systems and how I think those challenges can be overcome moving forward. Finally, I'll talk about some of the exciting possibilities I see on the horizon for modeling.
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  •  NEWS   International Journal of Control: publication by Matthew E. Brand, Scott A. Bortoff and Stefano Di Cairano
    Date: July 9, 2013
    Where: International Journal of Control
    MERL Contacts: Stefano Di Cairano; Matthew Brand; Scott Bortoff
    Research Area: Control
    Brief
    • The article "Projection-free Parallel Quadratic Programming for Linear Model predictive Control" by Di Cairano, S., Brand, M. and Bortoff, S.A. was published in International Journal of Control
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  •  NEWS   Signal Processing with Adaptive Sparse Structural Representation (SPARS): publication by Petros T. Boufounos
    Date: July 8, 2013
    Where: Signal Processing with Adaptive Sparse Structural Representation (SPARS)
    MERL Contact: Petros Boufounos
    Brief
    • The article "On Embedding the Angles Between Signals" by Boufounos, P.T. was published in Signal Processing with Adaptive Sparse Structural Representation (SPARS)
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  •  EVENT   QoMEX 2013 - Fifth International Workshop on Quality of Multimedia Experience
    Date: Wednesday, July 3, 2013 - Friday, July 5, 2013
    MERL Contact: Anthony Vetro
    Location: Klagenfurt am Worthersee, Austria
    Brief
    • Anthony Vetro is the publicity chair for America of QoMEX 2013, the Fifth International Workshop on Quality of Multimedia Experience, to be held Klagenfurt am Worthersee, Austria, in July 2013.
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  •  NEWS   International Conference on Sampling Theory and Applications (SampTA): publication by Petros T. Boufounos
    Date: July 1, 2013
    Where: International Conference on Sampling Theory and Applications (SampTA)
    MERL Contact: Petros Boufounos
    Brief
    • The paper "Sparse Signal Reconstruction from Phase-only Measurements" by Boufounos, P.T. was presented at the International Conference on Sampling Theory and Applications (SampTA)
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  •  NEWS   OECC/PS 2013: publication by Toshiaki Koike-Akino and others
    Date: June 30, 2013
    Where: OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and International Conference on Photonics in Switching (OECC/PS)
    MERL Contact: Toshiaki Koike-Akino
    Research Areas: Communications, Signal Processing
    Brief
    • The paper "A Study on the Effectiveness of Turbo Equalization with FEC for Nonlinearity Compensatin in Coherent WDM Transmissions" by Fujimori, T., Koike-Akino, T., Sugihara, T., Kubo, K., Koguchi, K., Mizuochi, T., Ohshima, C., Nakashima, H. and Hoshida, T. was presented at the OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and International Conference on Photonics in Switching (OECC/PS)
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  •  NEWS   International Conference on 3DTV-Conference: publication by Ming-Yu Liu and others
    Date: June 29, 2013
    Where: International Conference on 3DTV-Conference
    Research Area: Computer Vision
    Brief
    • The paper "Model-Based Vehicle Pose Estimation and Tracking in Videos Using Random Forests" by Hodlmoser, M., Micusik, B., Pollegeys, M., Liu, M-Y. and Kampel, M. was presented at the International Conference on 3DTV-Conference
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  •  EVENT   CCD/PROCAMS 2013 - IEEE 2nd Workshop of Computational Cameras and Displays
    Date & Time: Friday, June 28, 2013; 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM
    Location: Portland, Oregon
    Research Area: Computer Vision
    Brief
    • Amit Agrawal is the co-organizer of the CCD/PROCAMS 2013 Workshop of Computational Cameras and Displays.
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  •  TALK   On distributed conflict resolution at road intersections
    Date & Time: Wednesday, June 26, 2013; 12:00 PM
    Speaker: Gabriel Rodrigues de Campos, Chalmers University
    MERL Host: Mouhacine Benosman
    Brief
    • In this talk, we consider a scenario where several vehicles have to coordinate among them in order to cross a traffic intersection. Thus, the control problem relies on the optimization of global cost function while guaranteeing collision avoidance and the satisfaction of local constraints. We propose a decentralized solution, where vehicles sequentially solve local optimization problems allowing them to cross, in a safe way, the intersection. Such approach pays a special attention to how quantify the degrees of freedom that each vehicle disposes to avoid a potential collision and lead to an adequate formalism in which collision avoidance is enforced through local state constraints at given time instants. Finally, simulations results on the efficiency, performance and optimality of the proposed approach are presented at the end of the talk.
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  •  NEWS   CVPR 2013: 3 publications by Yuichi Taguchi, Srikumar Ramalingam, C. Oncel Tuzel, Amit K. Agrawal and Ming-Yu Liu
    Date: June 23, 2013
    Where: IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)
    MERL Contact: Yuichi Taguchi
    Research Area: Computer Vision
    Brief
    • The papers "Single Image Calibration of Multi-Axial Imaging Systems" by Agrawal, A. and Ramalingam, S., "Joint Geodesic Upsampling of Depth Images" by Liu, M-Y, Tuzel, O. and Taguchi, Y. and "Manhattan Junction Catalogue for Spatial Reasoning of Indoor Scenes" by Ramalingam, S., Pillai, J.K., Jain, A. and Taguchi, Y. were presented at the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)
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  •  NEWS   International Conference and Exhibition on Design and Production of Machines/Dies/Molds: publication by MERL researchers and others
    Date: June 20, 2013
    Where: International Conference and Exhibition on Design and Production of Machines/Dies/Molds
    Brief
    • The paper "Tool Deflection in Five-Axis Milling" by Layegh, S., Lazoglu, I. and Erdim, H. was presented at the International Conference and Exhibition on Design and Production of Machines/Dies/Molds
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