Hongtao Qiao

Hongtao Qiao
  • Biography

    Prior to his PhD, Hongtao worked at Carrier Corporation developing advanced steady-state computer simulations for HVAC systems. During his PhD, he developed a comprehensive transient modeling framework for thermo-fluid systems to explore complex dynamic characteristics of vapor compression cycles. Currently, Hongtao works on the control-oriented multi-physical system modeling.

  • Internships with Hongtao

    • MS1571: Data-based Dynamic Modeling of Vapor Compression Systems

      MERL is seeking a motivated and qualified individual to conduct research in dynamic modeling of vapor compression systems. Knowledge of data-based modeling techniques such as neural network and support vector regression is required. Experience in working with thermo-fluid systems is preferred. The intern is expected to collaborate with MERL researchers to build models, develop algorithms, and prepare manuscripts for scientific publications. Senior Ph.D. students in applied mathematics, chemical/mechanical engineering and other related areas are encouraged to apply. The expected duration of the internship is 3 months and the start date is flexible. This internship is preferred to be onsite at MERL, but may be done remotely where you live if the COVID pandemic makes it necessary.

    See All Internships at MERL
  • MERL Publications

    •  Laughman, C.R., Mackey, C., Bortoff, S.A., Qiao, H., "Modeling and Control of Radiant, Convective, and Ventilation Systems for Multizone Residences", Building Simulation, DOI: 10.26868/25222708.2019.210847, September 2019.
      BibTeX TR2019-093 PDF
      • @article{Laughman2019sep,
      • author = {Laughman, Christopher R. and Mackey, Chris and Bortoff, Scott A. and Qiao, Hongtao},
      • title = {Modeling and Control of Radiant, Convective, and Ventilation Systems for Multizone Residences},
      • journal = {Building Simulation},
      • year = 2019,
      • month = sep,
      • doi = {10.26868/25222708.2019.210847},
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2019-093}
      • }
    •  Qiao, H., Nabi, S., Laughman, C.R., "Performance Evaluation of HVAC Systems via Coupled Simulation between Modelica and OpenFOAM", International Conference on Compressor and Refrigeration, July 2019.
      BibTeX TR2019-073 PDF Video
      • @inproceedings{Hongtao2019jul,
      • author = {Qiao, Hongtao and Nabi, Saleh and Laughman, Christopher R.},
      • title = {Performance Evaluation of HVAC Systems via Coupled Simulation between Modelica and OpenFOAM},
      • booktitle = {International Conference on Compressor and Refrigeration},
      • year = 2019,
      • month = jul,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2019-073}
      • }
    •  Li, Z., Qiao, H., Aute, V., "Tube-fin Heat Exchanger Circuitry Optimization For Improved Performance Under Frosting Conditions", International Modelica Conference, DOI: 10.3384/ecp19157259, March 2019.
      BibTeX TR2018-212 PDF
      • @inproceedings{Li2019mar,
      • author = {Li, Zhenning and Qiao, Hongtao and Aute, Vikrant},
      • title = {Tube-fin Heat Exchanger Circuitry Optimization For Improved Performance Under Frosting Conditions},
      • booktitle = {International Modelica Conference},
      • year = 2019,
      • month = mar,
      • doi = {10.3384/ecp19157259},
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2018-212}
      • }
    •  Qiao, H., Nabi, S., Han, X., Laughman, C.R., "Coupled Simulation of a Room Air-conditioner with CFD Models for Indoor Environment", International Modelica Conference, March 2019.
      BibTeX TR2018-211 PDF
      • @inproceedings{Hongtao2019mar,
      • author = {Qiao, Hongtao and Nabi, Saleh and Han, Xu and Laughman, Christopher R.},
      • title = {Coupled Simulation of a Room Air-conditioner with CFD Models for Indoor Environment},
      • booktitle = {International Modelica Conference},
      • year = 2019,
      • month = mar,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2018-211}
      • }
    •  Laughman, C.R., Qiao, H., "On Closure Relations for Dynamic Vapor Compression Cycle Models", American Modelica Conference, October 2018.
      BibTeX TR2018-153 PDF
      • @inproceedings{Laughman2018oct,
      • author = {Laughman, Christopher R. and Qiao, Hongtao},
      • title = {On Closure Relations for Dynamic Vapor Compression Cycle Models},
      • booktitle = {American Modelica Conference},
      • year = 2018,
      • month = oct,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2018-153}
      • }
    See All Publications for Hongtao
  • Other Publications

    •  P. Li, Y. Li, J. Seem, H. Qiao, X. Li and J. Winkler, "Recent Advances in Dynamic Modeling of HVAC Equipment -- Part II: Modelica-based Modeling", HVAC&R Research, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 150-161, 2014.
      BibTeX External
      • @Article{Li2014HVACR,
      • author = {Li, P. and Li, Y. and Seem, J. and Qiao, H. and Li, X. and Winkler, J.},
      • title = {Recent Advances in Dynamic Modeling of HVAC Equipment -- Part II: Modelica-based Modeling},
      • journal = {HVAC\&R Research},
      • year = 2014,
      • volume = 20,
      • number = 1,
      • pages = {150--161},
      • url = {http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10789669.2013.836876}
      • }
    •  P. Li, H. Qiao, Y. Li, J. Seem, J. Winkler and X. Li, "Recent Advances in Dynamic Modeling of HVAC Equipment -- Part I: Equipment Modeling", HVAC&R Research, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 136-149, 2014.
      BibTeX External
      • @Article{Li2014HVACRa,
      • author = {Li, P. and Qiao, H. and Li, Y. and Seem, J. and Winkler, J. and Li, X.},
      • title = {Recent Advances in Dynamic Modeling of HVAC Equipment -- Part I: Equipment Modeling},
      • journal = {HVAC\&R Research},
      • year = 2014,
      • volume = 20,
      • number = 1,
      • pages = {136--149},
      • url = {http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10789669.2013.836877}
      • }
    •  J. Ling, A. Alabdulkarem, H. Qiao, V. Aute and R Radermacher, "Modelica-based Heat Pump Model for Transient and Steady-state Simulation Using Low-GWP Refrigerants", 15th International Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 2014.
      BibTeX External
      • @Inproceedings{Ling2014IRACC,
      • author = {Ling, J. and Alabdulkarem, A. and Qiao, H. and Aute, V. and Radermacher, R},
      • title = {Modelica-based Heat Pump Model for Transient and Steady-state Simulation Using Low-GWP Refrigerants},
      • booktitle = {15th International Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Conference at Purdue},
      • year = 2014,
      • month = jul,
      • url = {https://www.conftool.com/2014Purdue/}
      • }
    •  H. Qiao, L. Kwon, V. Aute and R. Radermacher, "Transient Modeling of a Multi-Evaporator Air Conditioning System and Control Method Investigation", 11th IEA Heat Pump Conference, May 2014.
      BibTeX External
      • @Inproceedings{Qiao2014HPC,
      • author = {Qiao, H. and Kwon, L. and Aute, V. and Radermacher, R.},
      • title = {Transient Modeling of a Multi-Evaporator Air Conditioning System and Control Method Investigation},
      • booktitle = {11th IEA Heat Pump Conference},
      • year = 2014,
      • month = may,
      • url = {http://www.iea-hpc2014.org/conference-poster-program.php}
      • }
    •  H. Qiao, X. Xu, V. Aute and R. Radermacher, "Transient Modeling of a Flash Tank Vapor Injection Heat Pump System - Part II: Simulation Results and Experimental Validation", International Journal of Refrigeration, 2014.
      BibTeX External
      • @Article{Qiao2014IJR,
      • author = {Qiao, H. and Xu, X. and Aute, V. and Radermacher, R.},
      • title = {Transient Modeling of a Flash Tank Vapor Injection Heat Pump System - Part II: Simulation Results and Experimental Validation},
      • journal = {International Journal of Refrigeration},
      • year = 2014,
      • url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140700714001819}
      • }
    •  H. Qiao, V. Aute and R. Radermacher, "Transient Modeling of a Flash Tank Vapor Injection Heat Pump System - Part I: Model Development", International Journal of Refrigeration, 2014.
      BibTeX External
      • @Article{Qiao2014IJRa,
      • author = {Qiao, H. and Aute, V. and Radermacher, R.},
      • title = {Transient Modeling of a Flash Tank Vapor Injection Heat Pump System - Part I: Model Development},
      • journal = {International Journal of Refrigeration},
      • year = 2014,
      • url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140700714001820}
      • }
    •  H. Qiao, V. Aute and R. Radermacher, "A New Dynamic Heat Exchanger Model with Frosting and Defrosting", 15th International Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 2014.
      BibTeX External
      • @Inproceedings{Qiao2014IRACC,
      • author = {Qiao, H. and Aute, V. and Radermacher, R.},
      • title = {A New Dynamic Heat Exchanger Model with Frosting and Defrosting},
      • booktitle = {15th International Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Conference at Purdue},
      • year = 2014,
      • month = jul,
      • url = {https://www.conftool.com/2014Purdue/}
      • }
    •  H. Qiao, V. Aute and R. Radermacher, "An Improved Moving Boundary Heat Exchanger Model with Pressure Drop", 15th International Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 2014.
      BibTeX External
      • @Inproceedings{Qiao2014IRACCa,
      • author = {Qiao, H. and Aute, V. and Radermacher, R.},
      • title = {An Improved Moving Boundary Heat Exchanger Model with Pressure Drop},
      • booktitle = {15th International Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Conference at Purdue},
      • year = 2014,
      • month = jul,
      • url = {https://www.conftool.com/2014Purdue/}
      • }
    •  J. Ling, M. Eisele, H. Qiao, V. Aute, Y. Hwang and Radermacher R., "Transient Modeling and Validation of an Automotive Secondary Loop Air-conditioning System", SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-0647, 2014.
      BibTeX External
      • @Article{Qiao2014TR,
      • author = {Ling, J. and Eisele, M. and Qiao, H. and Aute, V. and Hwang, Y. and R., Radermacher},
      • title = {Transient Modeling and Validation of an Automotive Secondary Loop Air-conditioning System},
      • journal = {SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-0647},
      • year = 2014,
      • url = {http://papers.sae.org/2014-01-0647/}
      • }
    •  H. Qiao, V. Aute, H. Lee, K. Saleh and R. Radermacher, "A New Model for Plate Heat Exchanger with Generalized Flow Configurations and Phase Change", International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 622-632, 2013.
      BibTeX External
      • @Article{Qiao2013IJR,
      • author = {Qiao, H. and Aute, V. and Lee, H. and Saleh, K. and Radermacher, R.},
      • title = {A New Model for Plate Heat Exchanger with Generalized Flow Configurations and Phase Change},
      • journal = {International Journal of Refrigeration},
      • year = 2013,
      • volume = 36,
      • number = 2,
      • pages = {622--632},
      • url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140700712003283}
      • }
    •  H. Qiao, V. Aute, H. Lee and R. Radermacher, "A New Model for Plate Heat Exchangers with Generalized Configurations and Phase Change", 10th IIR-Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Working Fluid, June 2012, vol. 1, pp. 127-136.
      BibTeX External
      • @Inproceedings{Qiao2012IIR,
      • author = {Qiao, H. and Aute, V. and Lee, H. and Radermacher, R.},
      • title = {A New Model for Plate Heat Exchangers with Generalized Configurations and Phase Change},
      • booktitle = {10th IIR-Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Working Fluid},
      • year = 2012,
      • volume = 1,
      • pages = {127--136},
      • month = jun,
      • url = {http://toc.proceedings.com/15739webtoc.pdf}
      • }
    •  H. Qiao, V. Aute and R. Radermacher, "Comparison of Equation-based and Non-equation-based Approaches for Transient Modeling of a Vapor Compression Cycle", 14th International Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 2012.
      BibTeX External
      • @Inproceedings{Qiao2012IRACC,
      • author = {Qiao, H. and Aute, V. and Radermacher, R.},
      • title = {Comparison of Equation-based and Non-equation-based Approaches for Transient Modeling of a Vapor Compression Cycle},
      • booktitle = {14th International Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Conference at Purdue},
      • year = 2012,
      • month = jul,
      • url = {http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/iracc/1205/}
      • }
    •  H. Qiao, X. Xu, V. Aute and R. Radermacher, "Modelica-based Transient Modeling for a Flash Tank Vapor Injection System and Experimental Validation", 14th International Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 2012.
      BibTeX External
      • @Inproceedings{Qiao2012IRACCa,
      • author = {Qiao, H. and Xu, X. and Aute, V. and Radermacher, R.},
      • title = {Modelica-based Transient Modeling for a Flash Tank Vapor Injection System and Experimental Validation},
      • booktitle = {14th International Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Conference at Purdue},
      • year = 2012,
      • month = jul,
      • url = {http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/iracc/1202/}
      • }
    •  H. Qiao, V. Singh, V. Aute and R. Radermacher, "Optimization of Fin Density for Plate Fin Heat Exchanger", 13th International Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 2010.
      BibTeX External
      • @Inproceedings{Qiao2010IRACC,
      • author = {Qiao, H. and Singh, V. and Aute, V. and Radermacher, R.},
      • title = {Optimization of Fin Density for Plate Fin Heat Exchanger},
      • booktitle = {13th International Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Conference at Purdue},
      • year = 2010,
      • month = jul,
      • url = {https://www.conftool.com/2012Purdue/}
      • }
    •  H. Qiao, R. Radermacher and V. Aute, "A Review for Numeric Simulation of Vapor Compression Systems", 13th International Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 2010.
      BibTeX External
      • @Inproceedings{Qiao2010IRACCa,
      • author = {Qiao, H. and Radermacher, R. and Aute, V.},
      • title = {A Review for Numeric Simulation of Vapor Compression Systems},
      • booktitle = {13th International Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Conference at Purdue},
      • year = 2010,
      • month = jul,
      • url = {http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/iracc/1090/}
      • }
    •  G. Ding, H. Qiao and Z. Lu, "Ways to Improve Thermal Uniformity inside a Refrigerator", Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 24, No. 13, pp. 1827-1840, 2004.
      BibTeX External
      • @Article{Ding2004ATE,
      • author = {Ding, G. and Qiao, H. and Lu, Z.},
      • title = {Ways to Improve Thermal Uniformity inside a Refrigerator},
      • journal = {Applied Thermal Engineering},
      • year = 2004,
      • volume = 24,
      • number = 13,
      • pages = {1827--1840},
      • url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1359431104000092}
      • }
  • Videos

  • MERL Issued Patents

    • Title: "System and Method for Power Optimizing Control of Multi-Zone Heat Pumps"
      Inventors: Bortoff, Scott A.; Burns, Dan J; Laughman, Christopher; Qiao, Hongtao
      Patent No.: 10,895,412
      Issue Date: Jan 19, 2021
    • Title: "System and Method for Controlling Refrigerant in Vapor Compression System"
      Inventors: Laughman, Christopher; Qiao, Hongtao; Burns, Dan J; Bortoff, Scott A.
      Patent No.: 10,830,515
      Issue Date: Nov 10, 2020
    • Title: "Coordinated Operation of Multiple Space-Conditioning Systems"
      Inventors: Laughman, Christopher; Qiao, Hongtao; Burns, Dan J; Bortoff, Scott A.
      Patent No.: 10,234,158
      Issue Date: Mar 19, 2019
    See All Patents for MERL