Publications

116 / 3,006 publications found.


  •  Song, B., Kojima, K., Pina, S., Koike-Akino, T., Wang, B., Klamkin, J., "Frequency Noise Reduction of Integrated Laser Source with On-Chip Optical Feedback", Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nano Photonics (IPR), DOI: 10.1364/IPRSN.2017.ITu1A.4, July 2017.
    BibTeX TR2017-098 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Song2017jul,
    • author = {Song, Bowen and Kojima, Keisuke and Pina, Sergio and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Wang, Bingnan and Klamkin, Jonathan},
    • title = {Frequency Noise Reduction of Integrated Laser Source with On-Chip Optical Feedback},
    • booktitle = {Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nano Photonics (IPR)},
    • year = 2017,
    • month = jul,
    • doi = {10.1364/IPRSN.2017.ITu1A.4},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2017-098}
    • }
  •  Kojima, K., Yoshida, T., Koike-Akino, T., Millar, D.S., Matsuda, K., Parsons, K., "Nonlinearity-tolerant modulation formats at 3.5 bits/symbol", Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), DOI: 10.1364/CLEO_SI.2017.STu4M.3, May 2017.
    BibTeX TR2017-053 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Kojima2017may,
    • author = {Kojima, Keisuke and Yoshida, Tsuyoshi and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Millar, David S. and Matsuda, Keisuke and Parsons, Kieran},
    • title = {Nonlinearity-tolerant modulation formats at 3.5 bits/symbol},
    • booktitle = {Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)},
    • year = 2017,
    • month = may,
    • doi = {10.1364/CLEO_SI.2017.STu4M.3},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2017-053}
    • }
  •  Koike-Akino, T., Parsons, K., Millar, D.S., Kojima, K., "Lattice Precoding for IM/DD POF Interconnects", Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), DOI: 10.1364/OFC.2017.W1J.4, March 2017.
    BibTeX TR2017-022 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Koike-Akino2017mar,
    • author = {Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Parsons, Kieran and Millar, David S. and Kojima, Keisuke},
    • title = {Lattice Precoding for IM/DD POF Interconnects},
    • booktitle = {Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC)},
    • year = 2017,
    • month = mar,
    • doi = {10.1364/OFC.2017.W1J.4},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2017-022}
    • }
  •  Koike-Akino, T., Wang, Y., Draper, S.C., Sugihara, K., Matsumoto, W., Millar, D.S., Parsons, K., Kojima, K., "Bit-Interleaved Polar-Coded Modulation for Low-Latency Short-Block Transmission", Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), DOI: 10.1364/OFC.2017.W1J.6, March 2017.
    BibTeX TR2017-024 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Koike-Akino2017mar2,
    • author = {Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Wang, Ye and Draper, Stark C. and Sugihara, Kenya and Matsumoto, Wataru and Millar, David S. and Parsons, Kieran and Kojima, Keisuke},
    • title = {Bit-Interleaved Polar-Coded Modulation for Low-Latency Short-Block Transmission},
    • booktitle = {Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC)},
    • year = 2017,
    • month = mar,
    • doi = {10.1364/OFC.2017.W1J.6},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2017-024}
    • }
  •  Koike-Akino, T., Yoshida, T., Parsons, K., Millar, D.S., Kojima, K., Pajovic, M., "Fully-Parallel Soft-Decision Cycle Slip Recovery", Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), DOI: 10.1364/OFC.2017.W2A.56, March 2017.
    BibTeX TR2017-023 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Koike-Akino2017mar3,
    • author = {Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Yoshida, Tsuyoshi and Parsons, Kieran and Millar, David S. and Kojima, Keisuke and Pajovic, Milutin},
    • title = {Fully-Parallel Soft-Decision Cycle Slip Recovery},
    • booktitle = {Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC)},
    • year = 2017,
    • month = mar,
    • doi = {10.1364/OFC.2017.W2A.56},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2017-023}
    • }
  •  Kojima, K., Yoshida, T., Parsons, K., Koike-Akino, T., Millar, D.S., Matsuda, K., "Nonlinearity-tolerant time domain hybrid modulation for 4-8 bits/symbol based on 2A8PSK", Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC), DOI: 10.1364/OFC.2017.W4A.5, March 2017.
    BibTeX TR2017-025 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Kojima2017mar,
    • author = {Kojima, Keisuke and Yoshida, Tsuyoshi and Parsons, Kieran and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Millar, David S. and Matsuda, Keisuke},
    • title = {Nonlinearity-tolerant time domain hybrid modulation for 4-8 bits/symbol based on 2A8PSK},
    • booktitle = {Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC)},
    • year = 2017,
    • month = mar,
    • doi = {10.1364/OFC.2017.W4A.5},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2017-025}
    • }
  •  Millar, D.S., Pajovic, M., Koike-Akino, T., Kojima, K., Parsons, K., "A Simplified Dual-Carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s Transceiver", Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC), DOI: 10.1364/OFC.2017.M3D.2, March 2017.
    BibTeX TR2017-026 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Millar2017mar,
    • author = {Millar, David S. and Pajovic, Milutin and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Kojima, Keisuke and Parsons, Kieran},
    • title = {A Simplified Dual-Carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s Transceiver},
    • booktitle = {Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC)},
    • year = 2017,
    • month = mar,
    • doi = {10.1364/OFC.2017.M3D.2},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2017-026}
    • }
  •  Koike-Akino, T., Kojima, K., Millar, D.S., Parsons, K., Yoshida, T., Sugihara, T., "Pareto Optimization of Adaptive Modulation and Coding Set in Nonlinear Fiber-Optic Systems", IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology, DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2016.2604561, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 1041-1049, February 2017.
    BibTeX TR2017-027 PDF
    • @article{Koike-Akino2017feb,
    • author = {Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Kojima, Keisuke and Millar, David S. and Parsons, Kieran and Yoshida, Tsuyoshi and Sugihara, Takashi},
    • title = {Pareto Optimization of Adaptive Modulation and Coding Set in Nonlinear Fiber-Optic Systems},
    • journal = {IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology},
    • year = 2017,
    • volume = 35,
    • number = 4,
    • pages = {1041--1049},
    • month = feb,
    • doi = {10.1109/JLT.2016.2604561},
    • issn = {1558-2213},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2017-027}
    • }
  •  Kojima, K., Yoshida, T., Koike-Akino, T., Millar, D.S., Parsons, K., Arlunno, V., "Nonlinearity-tolerant four-dimensional 2A8PSK family for 5-7 bits/symbol spectral efficiency", IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology, DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2017.2662942, Vol. 35, No. 8, pp. 1383-1391, February 2017.
    BibTeX TR2017-038 PDF
    • @article{Kojima2017feb,
    • author = {Kojima, Keisuke and Yoshida, Tsuyoshi and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Millar, David S. and Parsons, Kieran and Arlunno, Valeria},
    • title = {Nonlinearity-tolerant four-dimensional 2A8PSK family for 5-7 bits/symbol spectral efficiency},
    • journal = {IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology},
    • year = 2017,
    • volume = 35,
    • number = 8,
    • pages = {1383--1391},
    • month = feb,
    • doi = {10.1109/JLT.2017.2662942},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2017-038}
    • }
  •  Millar, D.S., Koike-Akino, T., Kojima, K., Parsons, K., "Multidimensional modulation for next-generation transmission systems", SPIE. Photonics West, DOI: 10.1117/12.2254844, January 2017, vol. 10130.
    BibTeX TR2017-029 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Millar2017jan,
    • author = {Millar, David S. and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Kojima, Keisuke and Parsons, Kieran},
    • title = {Multidimensional modulation for next-generation transmission systems},
    • booktitle = {SPIE. Photonics West},
    • year = 2017,
    • volume = 10130,
    • month = jan,
    • doi = {10.1117/12.2254844},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2017-029}
    • }
  •  Enoki, K., Horiguchi, Y., Kojima, K., Koike-Akino, T., Akiyama, K., "Investigation of the Linewidth of a Tunable Laser Integrated with DFB Lasers and a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier", International Conference on Solid State Devices and Materials, September 2016.
    BibTeX TR2016-123 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Enoki2016sep,
    • author = {Enoki, Kentaro and Horiguchi, Yuichiro and Kojima, Keisuke and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Akiyama, Koichi},
    • title = {Investigation of the Linewidth of a Tunable Laser Integrated with DFB Lasers and a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier},
    • booktitle = {International Conference on Solid State Devices and Materials},
    • year = 2016,
    • month = sep,
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2016-123}
    • }
  •  Kojima, K., Yoshida, T., Koike-Akino, T., Millar, D.S., Parsons, K., Arlunno, V., "5 and 7 bit/symbol 4D Modulation Formats Based on 2A8PSK", European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), September 2016.
    BibTeX TR2016-120 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Kojima2016sep,
    • author = {Kojima, Keisuke and Yoshida, Tsuyoshi and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Millar, David S. and Parsons, Kieran and Arlunno, Valeria},
    • title = {5 and 7 bit/symbol 4D Modulation Formats Based on 2A8PSK},
    • booktitle = {European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC)},
    • year = 2016,
    • month = sep,
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2016-120}
    • }
  •  Koike-Akino, T., Draper, S.C., Wang, Y., Sugihara, K., Matsumoto, W., Millar, D.S., Parsons, K., Arlunno, V., Kojima, K., "Optimal Layered Scheduling for Hardware-Efficient Windowed Decoding of LDPC Convolutional Codes", European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), September 2016.
    BibTeX TR2016-124 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Koike-Akino2016sep,
    • author = {Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Draper, Stark C. and Wang, Ye and Sugihara, Kenya and Matsumoto, Wataru and Millar, David S. and Parsons, Kieran and Arlunno, Valeria and Kojima, Keisuke},
    • title = {Optimal Layered Scheduling for Hardware-Efficient Windowed Decoding of LDPC Convolutional Codes},
    • booktitle = {European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC)},
    • year = 2016,
    • month = sep,
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2016-124}
    • }
  •  Koike-Akino, T., Sugihara, K., Millar, D.S., Pajovic, M., Matsumoto, W., Maher, R., Lavery, D., Abad, A., Paskov, M., Kojima, K., Parsons, K., Thomsen, B.C., Savory, S.J., Bayvel, P., "Experimental Demonstration of Nonbinary LDPC Convolutional Codes for DP-64QAM/256QAM", European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), September 2016.
    BibTeX TR2016-125 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Koike-Akino2016sep2,
    • author = {Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Sugihara, Kenya and Millar, David S. and Pajovic, Milutin and Matsumoto, Wataru and Maher, Robert and Lavery, Domanic and Abad, Alberto and Paskov, Milen and Kojima, Keisuke and Parsons, Kieran and Thomsen, Benn C. and Savory, Seb J. and Bayvel, Polina},
    • title = {Experimental Demonstration of Nonbinary LDPC Convolutional Codes for DP-64QAM/256QAM},
    • booktitle = {European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC)},
    • year = 2016,
    • month = sep,
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2016-125}
    • }
  •  Pajovic, M., Millar, D.S., Parsons, K., Matsuda, K., Miura, H., Kojima, K., Koike-Akino, T., Yoshida, T., "Cross Polarization Modulation (XPolM) Compensation for Submarine Upgrade Links using DP-8QAM", European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), September 2016.
    BibTeX TR2016-122 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Pajovic2016sep,
    • author = {Pajovic, Milutin and Millar, David S. and Parsons, Kieran and Matsuda, Keisuke and Miura, Hiroshi and Kojima, Keisuke and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Yoshida, Tsuyoshi},
    • title = {Cross Polarization Modulation (XPolM) Compensation for Submarine Upgrade Links using DP-8QAM},
    • booktitle = {European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC)},
    • year = 2016,
    • month = sep,
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2016-122}
    • }
  •  Yoshida, T., Matsuda, K., Kojima, K., Miura, H., Dohi, K., Pajovic, M., Koike-Akino, T., Millar, D.S., Parsons, K., Sugihara, T., "Hardware-efficient Precise and Flexible Soft-demapping for Multi-Dimensional Complementary APSK Signals", European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), September 2016.
    BibTeX TR2016-121 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Yoshida2016sep,
    • author = {Yoshida, Tsuyoshi and Matsuda, Keisuke and Kojima, Keisuke and Miura, Hiroshi and Dohi, Keisuke and Pajovic, Milutin and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Millar, David S. and Parsons, Kieran and Sugihara, Takashi},
    • title = {Hardware-efficient Precise and Flexible Soft-demapping for Multi-Dimensional Complementary APSK Signals},
    • booktitle = {European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC)},
    • year = 2016,
    • month = sep,
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2016-121}
    • }
  •  Wang, B., Kojima, K., Koike-Akino, T., Zhao, H., Klamkin, J., "Design of InP Chip Output Coupler with Transformation Optics", OSA IPR, DOI: 10.1364/IPRSN.2016.IW3B.5, July 2016.
    BibTeX TR2016-098 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Wang2016jul4,
    • author = {Wang, Bingnan and Kojima, Keisuke and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Zhao, Hongwei and Klamkin, Jonathan},
    • title = {Design of InP Chip Output Coupler with Transformation Optics},
    • booktitle = {OSA IPR},
    • year = 2016,
    • month = jul,
    • doi = {10.1364/IPRSN.2016.IW3B.5},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2016-098}
    • }
  •  Yoshida, T., Kojima, K., Koike-Akino, T., Millar, D.S., Dohi, K., Matsuda, K., Parsons, K., Kubo, K., Uto, K., Sugihara, T., "Crossover Block Modulation with Complementary Codes Superposition", OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC), July 2016.
    BibTeX TR2016-081 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Yoshida2016jul,
    • author = {Yoshida, Tsuyoshi and Kojima, Keisuke and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Millar, David S. and Dohi, Keisuke and Matsuda, Keisuke and Parsons, Kieran and Kubo, Kazuo and Uto, Kenichi and Sugihara, Takashi},
    • title = {Crossover Block Modulation with Complementary Codes Superposition},
    • booktitle = {OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC)},
    • year = 2016,
    • month = jul,
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2016-081}
    • }
  •  Kojima, K., Koike-Akino, T., Millar, D.S., Yoshida, T., Parsons, K., "BICM capacity analysis of 8QAM-alternative 2D/4D modulation formats in nonlinear fiber transmission", Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), DOI: 10.1364/CLEO_SI.2016.SM2F.5, June 2016.
    BibTeX TR2016-067 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Kojima2016jun,
    • author = {Kojima, Keisuke and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Millar, David S. and Yoshida, Tsuyoshi and Parsons, Kieran},
    • title = {BICM capacity analysis of 8QAM-alternative 2D/4D modulation formats in nonlinear fiber transmission},
    • booktitle = {Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)},
    • year = 2016,
    • month = jun,
    • doi = {10.1364/CLEO_SI.2016.SM2F.5},
    • isbn = {978-1-943580-11-8},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2016-067}
    • }
  •  Koike-Akino, T., Kojima, K., Millar, D.S., Parsons, K., Yoshida, T., Sugihara, T., "Pareto-Efficient Set of Modulation and Coding Based on RGMI in Nonlinear Fiber Transmissions", Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC), DOI: 10.1364/OFC.2016.Th1D.4, March 2016.
    BibTeX TR2016-013 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Koike-Akino2016mar1,
    • author = {Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Kojima, Keisuke and Millar, David S. and Parsons, Kieran and Yoshida, Tsuyoshi and Sugihara, Takashi},
    • title = {Pareto-Efficient Set of Modulation and Coding Based on RGMI in Nonlinear Fiber Transmissions},
    • booktitle = {Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC)},
    • year = 2016,
    • month = mar,
    • doi = {10.1364/OFC.2016.Th1D.4},
    • isbn = {978-1-943580-07-1},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2016-013}
    • }
  •  Koike-Akino, T., Millar, D.S., Kojima, K., Parsons, K., "GMI-Maximizing Constellation Design with Grassmann Projection for Parametric Shaping", Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC), DOI: 10.1364/OFC.2016.M2A.4, March 2016.
    BibTeX TR2016-015 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Koike-Akino2016mar2,
    • author = {Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Millar, David S. and Kojima, Keisuke and Parsons, Kieran},
    • title = {GMI-Maximizing Constellation Design with Grassmann Projection for Parametric Shaping},
    • booktitle = {Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC)},
    • year = 2016,
    • month = mar,
    • doi = {10.1364/OFC.2016.M2A.4},
    • isbn = {978-1-943580-07-1},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2016-015}
    • }
  •  Kojima, K., Koike-Akino, T., Millar, D.S., Pajovic, M., Parsons, K., Yoshida, T., "Investigation of Low Code Rate DP-8PSK as an Alternative to DP-QPSK", Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC), DOI: 10.1364/OFC.2016.Th1D.2, March 2016.
    BibTeX TR2016-016 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Kojima2016mar,
    • author = {Kojima, Keisuke and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Millar, David S. and Pajovic, Milutin and Parsons, Kieran and Yoshida, Tsuyoshi},
    • title = {Investigation of Low Code Rate DP-8PSK as an Alternative to DP-QPSK},
    • booktitle = {Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC)},
    • year = 2016,
    • month = mar,
    • doi = {10.1364/OFC.2016.Th1D.2},
    • isbn = {978-1-843580-07-1},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2016-016}
    • }
  •  Arlunno, V., Millar, D.S., Koike-Akino, T., Pajovic, M., Kojima, K., Parsons, K., "Reduced-Complexity Blind Chromatic Dispersion Estimation for Digital Coherent Systems", Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC), DOI: 10.1364/OFC.2016.Th2A.38, March 2016.
    BibTeX TR2016-017 PDF
    • @inproceedings{Arlunno2016mar,
    • author = {Arlunno, Valeria and Millar, David S. and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Pajovic, Milutin and Kojima, Keisuke and Parsons, Kieran},
    • title = {Reduced-Complexity Blind Chromatic Dispersion Estimation for Digital Coherent Systems},
    • booktitle = {Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC)},
    • journal = {Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC)},
    • year = 2016,
    • month = mar,
    • doi = {10.1364/OFC.2016.Th2A.38},
    • isbn = {978-1-943580-07-1},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2016-017}
    • }
  •  Millar, D.S., Koike-Akino, T., Kojima, K., Pajovic, M., Parsons, K., Paskov, M., Maher, R., Lavery, D., Alvarado, A., Thomsen, B.C., Savory, S.J., Bayvel, P., "Design of a 1 Tb/s Superchannel Coherent Receiver", Journal of Lightwave Technology, DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2016.2519260, Vol. 34, No. 6, pp. 1453-1463, March 2016.
    BibTeX TR2016-029 PDF
    • @article{Millar2016mar,
    • author = {Millar, David S. and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Kojima, Keisuke and Pajovic, Milutin and Parsons, Kieran and Paskov, Milen and Maher, Robert and Lavery, Domanic and Alvarado, Alex and Thomsen, Benn C. and Savory, Seb J. and Bayvel, Polina},
    • title = {Design of a 1 Tb/s Superchannel Coherent Receiver},
    • journal = {Journal of Lightwave Technology},
    • year = 2016,
    • volume = 34,
    • number = 6,
    • pages = {1453--1463},
    • month = mar,
    • doi = {10.1109/JLT.2016.2519260},
    • issn = {0733-8724},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2016-029}
    • }
  •  Koike-Akino, T., Millar, D.S., Kojima, K., Parsons, K., Miyata, Y., Sugihara, K., Matsumoto, W., "Iteration-Aware LDPC Code Design for Low-Power Optical Communications", IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2015.2477881, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 573-581, January 2016.
    BibTeX TR2016-028 PDF
    • @article{Koike-Akino2016jan,
    • author = {Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Millar, David S. and Kojima, Keisuke and Parsons, Kieran and Miyata, Yoshikuni and Sugihara, Kenya and Matsumoto, Wataru},
    • title = {Iteration-Aware LDPC Code Design for Low-Power Optical Communications},
    • journal = {IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology},
    • year = 2016,
    • volume = 34,
    • number = 2,
    • pages = {573--581},
    • month = jan,
    • doi = {10.1109/JLT.2015.2477881},
    • issn = {0733-8724},
    • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2016-028}
    • }