Learning-based Extended Object Tracking Using Hierarchical Truncation Measurement Model with Automotive Radar


This paper presents a data-driven measurement model for extended object tracking (EOT) with automotive radar. Specifically, the spatial distribution of automotive radar measurements is modeled as a hierarchical truncated Gaussian (HTG) with structural geometry parameters that can be learned from the training data. The HTG measurement model provides an adequate resemblance to the spatial distribution of real-world automotive radar measurements. Moreover, large-scale radar datasets can be leveraged to learn the geometry-related model parameters and offload the computationally demanding model parameter estimation from the state update step. The learned HTG measurement model is further incorporated into a random matrix based EOT approach with two (multi-sensor) measurement updates: one is based on a factorized Gaussian inverseWishart density representation and the other is based on a RaoBlackwellized particle density representation. The effectiveness of the proposed approaches is verified on both synthetic data and real-world nuScenes dataset over 300 trajectories