Constrained Gaussian-Process State-Space Models for Online Magnetic-Field Estimation

    •  Berntorp, K., Menner, M., "Constrained Gaussian-Process State-Space Models for Online Magnetic-Field Estimation", International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION), DOI: 10.23919/​FUSION52260.2023.10224137, June 2023.
      BibTeX TR2023-075 PDF
      • @inproceedings{Berntorp2023jun2,
      • author = {Berntorp, Karl and Menner, Marcel},
      • title = {Constrained Gaussian-Process State-Space Models for Online Magnetic-Field Estimation},
      • booktitle = {International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION)},
      • year = 2023,
      • month = jun,
      • doi = {10.23919/FUSION52260.2023.10224137},
      • url = {}
      • }
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  • Research Areas:

    Control, Machine Learning, Robotics, Signal Processing


We address the magnetic-field simulteanous localization and mapping (SLAM) problem for global positioning. We leverage a previously-developed particle filter (PF)-based frame- work for online Bayesian inference and learning of Gaussian Process state-space models (GP-SSMs). We extend the framework to directly incorporate physical properties of the magnetic field in the GP formulation, by leveraging that magnetic fields under the absence of free currents are curl free. Because of its flexibility, the method can include any motion model that can be expressed by a general nonlinear function, with potential applications to, e.g., mobile robotics and pedestrian localization. Simulation results indicate that our method performs similar to recent batch methods for magnetic-field slam, while the computation times are feasible for online implementations.