TR2020-079

Optimization-based incentivization and control scheme for autonomous traffic


    •  Kalabic, U., Grover, P., Aeron, S., "Optimization-based incentivization and control scheme for autonomous traffic", IEEE Intelligent Vehicle Symposium, June 2020.
      BibTeX TR2020-079 PDF
      • @inproceedings{Kalabic2020jun,
      • author = {Kalabic, Uros and Grover, Piyush and Aeron, Shuchin},
      • title = {Optimization-based incentivization and control scheme for autonomous traffic},
      • booktitle = {IEEE Intelligent Vehicle Symposium},
      • year = 2020,
      • month = jun,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2020-079}
      • }
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  • Research Areas:

    Control, Dynamical Systems, Optimization

We consider the problem of incentivization and optimal control of autonomous vehicles for improving traffic congestion. In our scenario, autonomous vehicles must be incentivized in order to participate in traffic improvement. Using the theory and methods of optimal transport, we propose a constrained optimization framework over dynamics governed by partial differential equations, so that we can optimally select a portion of vehicles to be incentivized and controlled. The goal of the optimization is to obtain a uniform distribution of vehicles over the spatial domain. To achieve this, we consider two types of penalties on vehicle density, one is the L2 cost and the other is a multiscale-norm cost, commonly used in fluid-mixing problems. To solve this nonconvex optimization problem, we introduce a novel algorithm, which iterates between solving a convex optimization problem and propagating the flow of uncontrolled vehicles according to the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards model. We perform numerical simulations, which suggest that the optimization of the L2 cost is ineffective while optimization of the multiscale norm is effective. The results also suggest the use of a dedicated lane for this type of control in practice.