TR2020-061

Overhead Reduction in Graph-Based Point Cloud Delivery


Conventional point cloud delivery schemes use graph-based compression to stream three-dimensional (3D) points and the corresponding color attributes over wireless channels for 3D scene reconstructions. However, the graph-based compression requires a significant communication overhead for graph signal decoding, i.e., inverse graph Fourier transform (IGFT), and such large overhead causes a low 3D reconstruction quality due to power and rate losses. We propose a novel scheme of point cloud delivery to significantly reduce the amount of overhead while allowing a small degradation in the 3D reconstruction quality. Specifically, the proposed scheme exploits Givens rotation for the graph-based transform basis matrix to compress the basis matrix into quantized angle parameters. Even when the angle parameters are strongly quantized for compression, the receiver can reconstruct a clean point cloud by using the basis matrix obtained from the quantized angle parameters. Evaluation results show the Givens rotation in the proposed scheme achieves overhead reduction with a slight quality degradation. For example, the proposed scheme achieves 89.8% overhead reduction with 1.3 dB quality degradation compared with the conventional point cloud delivery scheme

 

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    •  NEWS   MERL Scientists Presenting 5 Papers at IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC) 2020
      Date: June 7, 2020 - June 11, 2020
      Where: Dublin, Ireland
      MERL Contacts: Kyeong Jin (K.J.) Kim; Toshiaki Koike-Akino; Ye Wang
      Research Areas: Communications, Machine Learning, Signal Processing, Digital Video
      Brief
      • Due to COVID-19, MERL Network Intelligence Team scientists remotely presented 5 papers at the IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC) 2020, that was scheduled to be held in Dublin Ireland from June 7-11, 2020. Topics presented include recent advances in deep learning methods for communications and new access systems. Presentation videos are also found on our YouTube channel. Our developed technologies can facilitate a great advancement in broadband virtual conferencing which is required in post-COVID-19 society.

        IEEE ICC is one of the IEEE Communications Society’s two flagship conferences dedicated to driving innovation in nearly every aspect of communications. Each year, more than 2,900 scientific researchers submit proposals for program sessions to be held at the annual conference. The high-quality proposals are selected for the conference program, which includes technical papers, tutorials, workshops and industry sessions designed specifically to advance technologies, systems and infrastructure that are continuing to reshape the world and provide all users with access to an unprecedented spectrum of high-speed, seamless and cost-effective global telecommunications services.
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