Quilting for Texture Synthesis and Transfer

    •  Alexei Efros and William T. Freeman, "Quilting for Texture Synthesis and Transfer", Tech. Rep. TR2001-17, Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories, Cambridge, MA, April 2001.
      BibTeX TR2001-17 PDF
      • @techreport{MERL_TR2001-17,
      • author = {Alexei Efros and William T. Freeman},
      • title = {Quilting for Texture Synthesis and Transfer},
      • institution = {MERL - Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories},
      • address = {Cambridge, MA 02139},
      • number = {TR2001-17},
      • month = apr,
      • year = 2001,
      • url = {}
      • }
  • Research Areas:

    Artificial Intelligence, Computer Vision, Machine Learning


We present a simple image-based method of generating novel visual appearance in which a new image is synthesized by stitching together small patches of existing images. We call this process \"image quilting.\" First, we use quilting as new, fast, yet very simple texture synthesis algorithm which produces surprisingly good results for a wide range of textures. Second, we extend the algorithm to perform texture transfer -- rendering an object with a texture taken from a different object. More generally, we demonstrate how an entire image can be re-rendered in the style of a different image. The method works directly on the images and does not require 3D information.