TR2021-071

Graph Signaling Denoising via Unrolling Networks


    •  Chen, S., Eldar, Y., "Graph Signaling Denoising via Unrolling Networks", IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP), June 2021.
      BibTeX TR2021-071 PDF
      • @inproceedings{Chen2021jun3,
      • author = {Chen, Siheng and Eldar, Yonina},
      • title = {Graph Signaling Denoising via Unrolling Networks},
      • booktitle = {IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP)},
      • year = 2021,
      • month = jun,
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2021-071}
      • }
  • Research Areas:

    Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Signal Processing

Abstract:

We propose an interpretable graph neural network framework to denoise single or multiple noisy graph signals. The proposed graph unrolling networks expand algorithm unrolling to the graph domain and provide an interpretation of the architecture design from a signal processing perspective. We unroll an iterative denoising algorithm by mapping each iteration into a single network layer where the feed-forward process is equivalent to iteratively denoising graph signals. We train the graph unrolling networks through unsupervised learning, where the input noisy graph signals are used to supervise the networks. By leveraging the learning ability of neural networks, we adaptively capture appropriate priors from input noisy graph signals, instead of manually choosing signal priors. To validate the proposed methods, we conduct extensive experiments on both real-world datasets and simulated datasets, and demonstrate that our methods have smaller denoising errors than conventional denoising algorithms and state-of-the-art graph neural networks. For denoising a single smooth graph signal, the normalized mean square error of the proposed networks is around 40% and 60% lower than that of graph Laplacian denoising and graph wavelets, respectively