Fusion of multi-angular aerial Images based on epipolar geometry and matrix completion

We consider the problem of fusing multiple cloud-contaminated aerial images of a 3D scene to generate a cloud-free image, where the images are captured from multiple unknown view angles. In order to fuse these images, we propose an end-to-end framework incorporating epipolar geometry and low-rank matrix completion. In particular, we first warp the multi-angular images to single-angle ones based on the estimated fundamental matrices that relate the multi-angular images according to their projective relations to the 3D scene. Then we formulate the fusion process of the warpped images as a low-rank matrix completion problem where each column of the matrix corresponds to a vectorized image with missing entries corresponding to cloud or occluded areas. Results using DigitalGlobe high spatial resolution images demonstrate that our algorithm outperforms existing approaches.