TR2005-003

Similarity-based Analysis for Large Networks of Ultra-Low Resolution Sensors


    •  Wren, C.R.; Minnen, D.C.; Rao, S.G., "Similarity-based Analysis for Large Networks of Ultra-Low Resolution Sensors", Pattern Recognition, ISSN: 0031-3203, Vol. 39, No. 10, pp. 1918-1931, October 2006.
      BibTeX Download PDF
      • @article{Wren2006oct,
      • author = {Wren, C.R. and Minnen, D.C. and Rao, S.G.},
      • title = {Similarity-based Analysis for Large Networks of Ultra-Low Resolution Sensors},
      • journal = {Pattern Recognition},
      • year = 2006,
      • volume = 39,
      • number = 10,
      • pages = {1918--1931},
      • month = oct,
      • issn = {0031-3203},
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2005-003}
      • }
  • Research Area:

    Computer Vision


By analyzing the similarities between bit streams coming from a network of motion detectors, we can recover the network geometry and discover structure in the human behavior being observed. This means that a low-cost network of sensors can provide powerful contextual information to building systems: improving the efficiency of elevators, lighting, heating, and cooling; enhancing safety and security; and opening up new opportunities for human- centered information systems. This paper will show how signal similarity can be used to calibrate a sensor network to accuracies below the resolution of the individual sensors. This is done by analyzing the similarity structures in the unconstrained movement of people in the observed space. We will also present our efficient behavior-learning algorithm that yields 90\\% correct behavior-detection in data from a sensor network comprised of motion detectors by employing similarity-based clustering to automatically decompose complex activities into detectable sub-classes.