Voice-driven Animation

    •  Brand, M.E.; Shan, K., "Voice-Driven Animation", Workshop on Perceptual User Interfaces (PUI), November 1998.
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      • @inproceedings{Brand1998nov,
      • author = {Brand, M.E. and Shan, K.},
      • title = {Voice-Driven Animation},
      • booktitle = {Workshop on Perceptual User Interfaces (PUI)},
      • year = 1998,
      • month = nov,
      • url = {}
      • }
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We introduce a method for learning a mapping between signals, and use this to drive facial animation directly from vocal cues. Instead of depending on heuristic intermediate representations such as phonemes or visemes, the system learns its own representation, which includes dynamical and contextual information. In principle, this allows the system to make optimal use of context to handle ambiguity and relatively long-lasting facial co-articulation effects. The output is a series of facial control parameters, suitable for driving many different kinds of animation ranging from photo-realistic image warps to 3D cartoon characters.