Resilient Restoration of Power Distribution System Based on Minimum Spanning Forest

In this paper, the concept of minimum spanning forest (MSF) is utilized to formulate the restoration problem where each spanning tree in a forest is a self-sustained islanded grid (SSIG). Specifically, a weight is assigned to each edge in a distribution system based on several factors such as their exposure to vegetation, span length, location and structures supporting them. Then, a MSF is obtained for the given network by switching off the edges with higher weights to form several SSIGs each energized by a master unit (micro-turbine) in coordination with several intermittent DGs (wind, solar) and energy storage system (ESS) while achieving the resilience objectives. Numerical results based on modified IEEE 123-node test case validates the effectiveness of the proposed approach.