TR2018-174

Back-Translation-Style Data Augmentation for End-to-End ASR


    •  Hayashi, T., Watanabe, S., Zhang, Y., Toda, T., Hori, T., Astudillo, R., Takeda, K., "Back-Translation-Style Data Augmentation for End-to-End ASR", IEEE Spoken Language Technology Workshop, DOI: 10.1109/SLT.2018.8639619, December 2018.
      BibTeX Download PDF
      • @inproceedings{Hayashi2018dec,
      • author = {Hayashi, Tomoki and Watanabe, Shinji and Zhang, Yu and Toda, Tomoki and Hori, Takaaki and Astudillo, Ramon and Takeda, Kazuya},
      • title = {Back-Translation-Style Data Augmentation for End-to-End ASR},
      • booktitle = {IEEE Spoken Language Technology Workshop},
      • year = 2018,
      • month = dec,
      • doi = {10.1109/SLT.2018.8639619},
      • url = {https://www.merl.com/publications/TR2018-174}
      • }
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  • Research Areas:

    Machine Learning, Speech & Audio


In this paper we propose a novel data augmentation method for attention-based end-to-end automatic speech recognition (E2E-ASR), utilizing a large amount of text which is not paired with speech signals. Inspired by the back-translation technique proposed in the field of machine translation, we build a neural text-to-encoder model which predicts a sequence of hidden states extracted by a pre-trained E2E-ASR encoder from a sequence of characters. By using hidden states as a target instead of acoustic features, it is possible to achieve faster attention learning and reduce computational cost, thanks to sub-sampling in E2E-ASR encoder, also the use of the hidden states can avoid to model speaker dependencies unlike acoustic features. After training, the textto-encoder model generates the hidden states from a large amount of unpaired text, then E2E-ASR decoder is retrained using the generated hidden states as additional training data. Experimental evaluation using LibriSpeech dataset demonstrates that our proposed method achieves improvement of ASR performance and reduces the number of unknown words without the need for paired data.