Multiset-Partition Distribution Matching

Distribution matching is a fixed-length invertible mapping from a uniformly distributed bit sequence to shaped amplitudes and plays an important role in the probabilistic amplitude shaping framework. With conventional constant composition distribution matching (CCDM), all output sequences have identical composition. In this paper, we propose multisetpartition distribution matching (MPDM) where the composition is constant over all output sequences. When considering the desired distribution as a multiset, MPDM corresponds to partitioning this multiset into equal-size subsets. We show that MPDM allows to address more output sequences and thus has lower rate loss than CCDM in all nontrivial cases. By imposing some constraints on the partitioning, a constructive MPDM algorithm is proposed which comprises two parts. A variable-length prefixof the binary data word determines the composition to be used, and the remainder of the input word is mapped with a conventional CCDM algorithm, such as arithmetic coding, according to the chosen composition. Simulations of 64-ary quadrature amplitude modulation over the additive white Gaussian noise channel demonstrate that the block-length saving of MPDM over CCDM for a fixed gap to capacity is approximately a factor of2.5 to 5 at medium to high signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs).