Depth-weighted group-wise principal component analysis for Video foreground/background separation

We propose a depth-weighted group-wise PCA (DG-PCA) approach to separate moving foreground pixels from the background of a video acquired by a moving camera. Our approach utilizes a corresponding depth signal in addition to the video signal. The problem is formulated as a weighted l2,1- norm PCA problem with depth-based group sparsity being introduced. In particularly, dynamic groups are first generated solely based on depth, and then an iterative solution using depth to define the weights in l2,1-norm is developed. In addition, we propose a depth-enhanced homography model for global motion compensation before the DG-PCA method is executed. We demonstrate through experiments on an RGBD dataset the superiority of the proposed DG-PCA approach over conventional robust PCA methods.