RPL Based Routing for Advanced Metering Infrastructure in Smart Grid

In this paper, we present a routing protocol design and implementation for the Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) in Smart Grid. The proposed protocol implementation is based on the framework of the IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks (RPL), which is proposed by IETF and currently still in its design phase. RPL is based on the idea of maintaining a directed acyclic graph (DAG) structure for the network. We provide a practical implementation of RPL with a number of proper modifications so as to fit into the AMI structure and meet stringent requirements enforced by the AMI. In particular, we propose a novel DAG rank computation method and a reverse path recording mechanism, which enables real-time automated meter reading and real-time remote utility management in the AMI. Our proposed routing protocol design for AMI networks is validated through extensive simulations.