Gordon Wichern

Gordon Wichern
  • Biography

    Gordon's research interests are at the intersection of signal processing and machine learning applied to speech, music, and environmental sounds. Prior to joining MERL, Gordon worked at iZotope inc. developing audio signal processing software, and at MIT Lincoln Laboratory where he worked in radar target tracking.

  • MERL Publications

    •  Wichern, G., Le Roux, J., "Phase Reconstruction with Learned Time-Frequency Representations for Single-Channel Speech Separation", International Workshop on Acoustic Signal Enhancement (IWAENC), September 2018.
    •  Hori, C., Alamri, H., Wang, J., Wichern, G., Hori, T., Cherian, A., Marks, T.K., Cartillier, V., Lopes, R., Das, A., Essa, I., Batra, D., Parikh, D., "End-to-End Audio Visual Scene-Aware Dialog using Multimodal Attention-Based Video Features", arXiv, July 13, 2018.
      BibTeX Download PDFAbout TR2018-085
      • @techreport{MERL_TR2018-085,
      • author = {Hori, C. and Alamri, H. and Wang, J. and Wichern, G. and Hori, T. and Cherian, A. and Marks, T.K. and Cartillier, V. and Lopes, R. and Das, A. and Essa, I. and Batra, D. and Parikh, D.},
      • title = {End-to-End Audio Visual Scene-Aware Dialog using Multimodal Attention-Based Video Features},
      • institution = {MERL - Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories},
      • address = {Cambridge, MA 02139},
      • number = {TR2018-085},
      • month = jul,
      • year = 2018,
      • url = {http://www.merl.com/publications/TR2018-085/}
      • }
  • Other Publications

    •  Wichern, G.; Lukin, A., "Low-Latency approximation of bidirectional recurrent networks for speech denoising", 2017 IEEE Workshop on Applications of Signal Processing to Audio and Acoustics (WASPAA), Oct 2017, pp. 66-70.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{8169996,
      • author = {Wichern, G. and Lukin, A.},
      • title = {Low-Latency approximation of bidirectional recurrent networks for speech denoising},
      • booktitle = {2017 IEEE Workshop on Applications of Signal Processing to Audio and Acoustics (WASPAA)},
      • year = 2017,
      • pages = {66--70},
      • month = {Oct}
      • }
    •  Wichern, G.; Robertson, H.; Wishnick, A., "Quantitative Analysis of Masking in Multitrack Mixes Using Loudness Loss", Sep 2016, Audio Engineering Society Convention 141.
      BibTeX
      • @Conference{wichern2016quantitative,
      • author = {Wichern, G. and Robertson, H. and Wishnick, A.},
      • title = {Quantitative Analysis of Masking in Multitrack Mixes Using Loudness Loss},
      • booktitle = {Audio Engineering Society Convention 141},
      • year = 2016,
      • month = {Sep},
      • url = {http://www.aes.org/e-lib/browse.cfm?elib=18450}
      • }
    •  Wichern, G.; Wishnick, A.; Lukin, A.; Robertson, H., "Comparison of Loudness Features for Automatic Level Adjustment in Mixing", Oct 2015, Audio Engineering Society Convention 139.
      BibTeX
      • @Conference{wichern2015comparison,
      • author = {Wichern, G. and Wishnick, A. and Lukin, A. and Robertson, H.},
      • title = {Comparison of Loudness Features for Automatic Level Adjustment in Mixing},
      • booktitle = {Audio Engineering Society Convention 139},
      • year = 2015,
      • month = {Oct},
      • url = {http://www.aes.org/e-lib/browse.cfm?elib=17928}
      • }
    •  Yamada, M.; Wichern, G.; Kondo, K.; Sugiyama, M.; Sawada, H., "Noise adaptive optimization of matrix initialization for frequency-domain independent component analysis", Digital Signal Processing, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 1-8, 2013.
      BibTeX
      • @Article{yamada2013noise,
      • author = {Yamada, M. and Wichern, G. and Kondo, K. and Sugiyama, M. and Sawada, H.},
      • title = {Noise adaptive optimization of matrix initialization for frequency-domain independent component analysis},
      • journal = {Digital Signal Processing},
      • year = 2013,
      • volume = 23,
      • number = 1,
      • pages = {1--8},
      • publisher = {Academic Press}
      • }
    •  Yamada, M.; Sugiyama, M.; Wichern, G.; Simm, J., "Improving the accuracy of least-squares probabilistic classifiers", IEICE transactions on information and systems, Vol. 94, No. 6, pp. 1337-1340, 2011.
      BibTeX
      • @Article{yamada2011improving,
      • author = {Yamada, M. and Sugiyama, M. and Wichern, G. and Simm, J.},
      • title = {Improving the accuracy of least-squares probabilistic classifiers},
      • journal = {IEICE transactions on information and systems},
      • year = 2011,
      • volume = 94,
      • number = 6,
      • pages = {1337--1340},
      • publisher = {The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers}
      • }
    •  Wichern, G.; Xue, J.; Thornburg, H.; Mechtley, B.; Spanias, A., "Segmentation, Indexing, and Retrieval for Environmental and Natural Sounds", IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 688-707, March 2010.
      BibTeX
      • @Article{5410056,
      • author = {Wichern, G. and Xue, J. and Thornburg, H. and Mechtley, B. and Spanias, A.},
      • title = {Segmentation, Indexing, and Retrieval for Environmental and Natural Sounds},
      • journal = {IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing},
      • year = 2010,
      • volume = 18,
      • number = 3,
      • pages = {688--707},
      • month = mar
      • }
    •  Yamada, M.; Sugiyama, M.; Wichern, G., "Direct importance estimation with probabilistic principal component analyzers", 2010 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, March 2010, pp. 1962-1965.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{5495290,
      • author = {Yamada, M. and Sugiyama, M. and Wichern, G.},
      • title = {Direct importance estimation with probabilistic principal component analyzers},
      • booktitle = {2010 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing},
      • year = 2010,
      • pages = {1962--1965},
      • month = mar
      • }
    •  Yamada, M.; Sugiyama, M.; Wichern, G.; Matsui, T., "Acceleration of sequence kernel computation for real-time speaker identification", 2010 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, March 2010, pp. 1626-1629.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{5495542,
      • author = {Yamada, M. and Sugiyama, M. and Wichern, G. and Matsui, T.},
      • title = {Acceleration of sequence kernel computation for real-time speaker identification},
      • booktitle = {2010 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing},
      • year = 2010,
      • pages = {1626--1629},
      • month = mar
      • }
    •  Wichern, G.; Yamada, M.; Thornburg, H.; Sugiyama, M.; Spanias, A., "Automatic audio tagging using covariate shift adaptation", 2010 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, March 2010, pp. 253-256.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{5495973,
      • author = {Wichern, G. and Yamada, M. and Thornburg, H. and Sugiyama, M. and Spanias, A.},
      • title = {Automatic audio tagging using covariate shift adaptation},
      • booktitle = {2010 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing},
      • year = 2010,
      • pages = {253--256},
      • month = mar
      • }
    •  Mechtley, B.; Wichern, G.; Thornburg, H.; Spanias, A., "Combining semantic, social, and acoustic similarity for retrieval of environmental sounds", 2010 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, March 2010, pp. 2402-2405.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{5496225,
      • author = {Mechtley, B. and Wichern, G. and Thornburg, H. and Spanias, A.},
      • title = {Combining semantic, social, and acoustic similarity for retrieval of environmental sounds},
      • booktitle = {2010 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing},
      • year = 2010,
      • pages = {2402--2405},
      • month = mar
      • }
    •  Shah, M.; Wichern, G.; Spanias, A.; Thornburg, H., "Audio content-based feature extraction algorithms using J-DSP for arts, media and engineering courses", 2010 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE), Oct 2010, pp. T1F-1-T1F-6.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{5673157,
      • author = {Shah, M. and Wichern, G. and Spanias, A. and Thornburg, H.},
      • title = {Audio content-based feature extraction algorithms using J-DSP for arts, media and engineering courses},
      • booktitle = {2010 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)},
      • year = 2010,
      • pages = {T1F--1--T1F--6},
      • month = {Oct}
      • }
    •  Fink, A.; Mechtley, B.; Wichern, G.; Liu, J.; Thornburg, H.; Spanias, A.; Coleman, G., "Re-Sonification of Geographic Sound Activity using Acoustic, Semantic and Social Information", Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Auditory Display (ICAD2010), 2010.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{fink2010re,
      • author = {Fink, A. and Mechtley, B. and Wichern, G. and Liu, J. and Thornburg, H. and Spanias, A. and Coleman, G.},
      • title = {Re-Sonification of Geographic Sound Activity using Acoustic, Semantic and Social Information},
      • booktitle = {Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Auditory Display (ICAD2010)},
      • year = 2010,
      • organization = {Georgia Institute of Technology}
      • }
    •  Wichern, G.; Mechtley, B.; Fink, A.; Thornburg, H.; Spanias, A., "An ontological framework for retrieving environmental sounds using semantics and acoustic content", EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing, Vol. 2010, No. 1, pp. 192363, 2010.
      BibTeX
      • @Article{wichern2010ontological,
      • author = {Wichern, G. and Mechtley, B. and Fink, A. and Thornburg, H. and Spanias, A.},
      • title = {An ontological framework for retrieving environmental sounds using semantics and acoustic content},
      • journal = {EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing},
      • year = 2010,
      • volume = 2010,
      • number = 1,
      • pages = 192363,
      • publisher = {Springer International Publishing}
      • }
    •  Yamada, M.; Sugiyama, M.; Wichern, G.; Simm, J., "Direct importance estimation with a mixture of probabilistic principal component analyzers", IEICE Transactions on Information and Systems, Vol. 93, No. 10, pp. 2846-2849, 2010.
      BibTeX
      • @Article{yamada2010direct,
      • author = {Yamada, M. and Sugiyama, M. and Wichern, G. and Simm, J.},
      • title = {Direct importance estimation with a mixture of probabilistic principal component analyzers},
      • journal = {IEICE Transactions on Information and Systems},
      • year = 2010,
      • volume = 93,
      • number = 10,
      • pages = {2846--2849},
      • publisher = {The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers}
      • }
    •  Wichern, G.; Thornburg, H.; Spanias, A., "Multi-channel audio segmentation for continuous observation and archival of large spaces", 2009 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, April 2009, pp. 237-240.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{4959564,
      • author = {Wichern, G. and Thornburg, H. and Spanias, A.},
      • title = {Multi-channel audio segmentation for continuous observation and archival of large spaces},
      • booktitle = {2009 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing},
      • year = 2009,
      • pages = {237--240},
      • month = apr
      • }
    •  Wichern, G.; Kwon, H.; Spanias, A.; Fink, A.; Thornburg, H., "Continuous observation and archival of acoustic scenes using wireless sensor networks", 2009 16th International Conference on Digital Signal Processing, July 2009, pp. 1-6.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{5201082,
      • author = {Wichern, G. and Kwon, H. and Spanias, A. and Fink, A. and Thornburg, H.},
      • title = {Continuous observation and archival of acoustic scenes using wireless sensor networks},
      • booktitle = {2009 16th International Conference on Digital Signal Processing},
      • year = 2009,
      • pages = {1--6},
      • month = jul
      • }
    •  Wichern, G.; Thornburg, H.; Spanias, A., "Unifying semantic and content-based approaches for retrieval of environmental sounds", 2009 IEEE Workshop on Applications of Signal Processing to Audio and Acoustics, Oct 2009, pp. 13-16.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{5346493,
      • author = {Wichern, G. and Thornburg, H. and Spanias, A.},
      • title = {Unifying semantic and content-based approaches for retrieval of environmental sounds},
      • booktitle = {2009 IEEE Workshop on Applications of Signal Processing to Audio and Acoustics},
      • year = 2009,
      • pages = {13--16},
      • month = {Oct}
      • }
    •  Xue, J.; Wichern, G.; Thornburg, H.; Spanias, A., "Fast query by example of environmental sounds via robust and efficient cluster-based indexing", 2008 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, March 2008, pp. 5-8.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{4517532,
      • author = {Xue, J. and Wichern, G. and Thornburg, H. and Spanias, A.},
      • title = {Fast query by example of environmental sounds via robust and efficient cluster-based indexing},
      • booktitle = {2008 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing},
      • year = 2008,
      • pages = {5--8},
      • month = mar
      • }
    •  Wichern, G.; Thornburg, H.; Mechtley, B.; Fink, A.; Tu, K.; Spanias, A., "Robust Multi-Features Segmentation and Indexing for Natural Sound Environments", 2007 International Workshop on Content-Based Multimedia Indexing, June 2007, pp. 69-76.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{4275057,
      • author = {Wichern, G. and Thornburg, H. and Mechtley, B. and Fink, A. and Tu, K. and Spanias, A.},
      • title = {Robust Multi-Features Segmentation and Indexing for Natural Sound Environments},
      • booktitle = {2007 International Workshop on Content-Based Multimedia Indexing},
      • year = 2007,
      • pages = {69--76},
      • month = jun
      • }
    •  McCarron, M.; Azimi-Sadjadi, M. R.; Wichem, G.; Mungiole, M., "An Operationally Adaptive System for Rapid Acoustic Transmission Loss Prediction", 2007 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, Aug 2007, pp. 2262-2267.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{4371310,
      • author = {McCarron, M. and Azimi-Sadjadi, M. R. and Wichem, G. and Mungiole, M.},
      • title = {An Operationally Adaptive System for Rapid Acoustic Transmission Loss Prediction},
      • booktitle = {2007 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks},
      • year = 2007,
      • pages = {2262--2267},
      • month = {Aug}
      • }
    •  Wichern, G.; Xue, J.; Thornburg, H.; Spanias, A., "Distortion-Aware Query-by-Example for Environmental Sounds", 2007 IEEE Workshop on Applications of Signal Processing to Audio and Acoustics, Oct 2007, pp. 335-338.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{4393051,
      • author = {Wichern, G. and Xue, J. and Thornburg, H. and Spanias, A.},
      • title = {Distortion-Aware Query-by-Example for Environmental Sounds},
      • booktitle = {2007 IEEE Workshop on Applications of Signal Processing to Audio and Acoustics},
      • year = 2007,
      • pages = {335--338},
      • month = {Oct}
      • }
    •  Wichern, G.; Azimi-Sadjadi, M. R.; Mungiole, M., "Environmentally adaptive acoustic transmission loss prediction in turbulent and nonturbulent atmospheres", Neural Networks, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 484 - 497, 2007.
      BibTeX
      • @Article{WICHERN2007484,
      • author = {Wichern, G. and Azimi-Sadjadi, M. R. and Mungiole, M.},
      • title = {Environmentally adaptive acoustic transmission loss prediction in turbulent and nonturbulent atmospheres},
      • journal = {Neural Networks},
      • year = 2007,
      • volume = 20,
      • number = 4,
      • pages = {484 -- 497},
      • note = {Computational Intelligence in Earth and Environmental Sciences},
      • url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S089360800700055X}
      • }
    •  Wichern, G.; Azimi-Sadjadi, M. R.; Mungiole, M., "An Environmentally Adaptive System for Rapid Acoustic Transmission Loss Prediction", The 2006 IEEE International Joint Conference on Neural Network Proceedings, 2006, pp. 5118-5125.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{1716812,
      • author = {Wichern, G. and Azimi-Sadjadi, M. R. and Mungiole, M.},
      • title = {An Environmentally Adaptive System for Rapid Acoustic Transmission Loss Prediction},
      • booktitle = {The 2006 IEEE International Joint Conference on Neural Network Proceedings},
      • year = 2006,
      • pages = {5118--5125}
      • }
    •  Azimi-Sadjadi, MR; Jiang, Y; Wichern, G, "Properties of randomly distributed sparse arrays", Proc. SPIE, 2006, vol. 6201.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{azimi2006properties,
      • author = {Azimi-Sadjadi, MR and Jiang, Y and Wichern, G},
      • title = {Properties of randomly distributed sparse arrays},
      • booktitle = {Proc. SPIE},
      • year = 2006,
      • volume = 6201
      • }
    •  Azimi-Sadjadi, MR; Pezeshki, A; Scharf, LL; Wichern, G, "Unattended sparse acoustic array configurations and beamforming algorithms", Proc. SPIE, 2005, vol. 5796, pp. 40-51.
      BibTeX
      • @Inproceedings{azimi2005unattended,
      • author = {Azimi-Sadjadi, MR and Pezeshki, A and Scharf, LL and Wichern, G},
      • title = {Unattended sparse acoustic array configurations and beamforming algorithms},
      • booktitle = {Proc. SPIE},
      • year = 2005,
      • volume = 5796,
      • pages = {40--51}
      • }