News & Events

1,257 News items, Awards, Events and Talks related to MERL and its staff.


  •  NEWS   SENSORCOMM 2012: publication by Philip V. Orlik, Jinyun Zhang, Jianlin Guo and others
    Date: August 19, 2012
    Where: International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications (SENSORCOMM)
    MERL Contacts: Jinyun Zhang; Philip Orlik; Jianlin Guo
    Research Area: Communications
    Brief
    • The paper "Loop-Free Routing in Low-Power and Lossy Networks" by Guo, J., Han, C., Orlik, P., Zhang, J. and Ishibashi, K. was presented at the International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications (SENSORCOMM)
  •  
  •  TALK   Challenges on shape acquisition of moving object
    Date & Time: Friday, August 17, 2012; 12:00 PM
    Speaker: Prof. Hiroshi Kawasaki, Kagoshima University
    Research Area: Computer Vision
    Brief
    • In this talk, I will introduce an overview of my research projects on 3D shape acquisition of moving object. The talk mainly focuses on two parts, the first one is about our 3D shape acquisition technique using projector and camera system and the second is entire shape acquisition using multi-view pro-cam system. I also briefly cover the following topics:

      -- Theory of shape from coplanarity technique
      -- Texture recovery method on pro-cam system
      -- Future plan on medical application of our scanner

      Those researches are jointly researched by Prof. Katushi Ikeuchi (Univ. of Tokyo), Prof. Ryo Furukawa (Hiroshima city Univ) and Prof. Ryusuke Sagawa (AIST).
  •  
  •  NEWS   International Workshops APPROX/RANDOM 2012: publication by Petros T. Boufounos and others
    Date: August 15, 2012
    Where: International Workshops APPROX/RANDOM
    MERL Contact: Petros Boufounos
    Research Area: Computational Sensing
    Brief
    • The paper "What's the Frequency, Kenneth?: Sublinear Fourier Sampling Off the Grid" by Boufounos, P., Cevher, V., Gilbert, A.C., Li, Y. and Strauss, M.J. was presented at the International Workshops APPROX/RANDOM
  •  
  •  NEWS   AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference 2012: publication by Piyush Grover and others
    Date: August 13, 2012
    Where: AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference
    MERL Contact: Piyush Grover
    Research Area: Dynamical Systems
    Brief
    • The paper "Efficient Estimation and Uncertainty Quantification in Space Mission Dynamics" by Grover, P. and Sato, Y. was presented at the AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference
  •  
  •  NEWS   SPIE Conference on Applications of Digital Image Processing 2012: publication by Anthony Vetro and Dong Tian
    Date: August 12, 2012
    Where: SPIE Conference on Applications of Digital Image Processing
    MERL Contact: Anthony Vetro
    Research Area: Digital Video
    Brief
    • The paper "Analysis of 3D and Multiview Extensions of the Emerging HEVC Standard" by Vetro, A. and Tian, D. was presented at the SPIE Conference on Applications of Digital Image Processing
  •  
  •  TALK   Communication Systems for Oilfield Applications
    Date & Time: Tuesday, August 7, 2012; 12:00 PM
    Speaker: Dr. Julius Kusuma, Schlumberger-Doll Research
    MERL Host: Petros Boufounos
    Brief
    • The oilfield is a rich area for research and engineering in communication and signal processing. Communication over non-standard channels, using constrained sources, noisy environments, and limited computational and energy resources, are some of the key challenges in this domain. In this talk I will give an introduction first on the role of science and technology, in particular communication and signal processing, in the oilfield. Due to its unique role in the industry, Schlumberger has a rich variety of communication systems over EM wireless, wired, acoustic, and even fluid pressure channels.

      In this talk we give a brief tour of some of the state-of-the-art and showcase how technology has revolutionized the practice of the industry, enabling innovations such as horizontal drilling, logging-while-drilling, and well-placement. At the same time, we give a tutorial on how the lifecycle of a reservoir is managed, including imaging, drilling, logging, sampling, testing, and completing. Throughout, we will show how communication has revolutionized the practice in the industry.
  •  
  •  TALK   Feedback Particle Filter and its Applications
    Date & Time: Wednesday, August 1, 2012; 12:00 PM
    Speaker: Prof. Prashant Mehta, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    MERL Host: Scott Bortoff
    Brief
    • In my talk, I will present a self-contained introduction to nonlinear filtering, and describe some recent developments. Specifically, I will introduce the feedback particle filter and show how it admits an innovations error-based feedback control structure. The control is chosen so that the posterior distribution of any particle matches the posterior distribution of the true state given the observations. The subject of my talk is a new formulation of nonlinear filter (for Bayesian inference) that is based on concepts from optimal control and mean-field game theory. Nonlinear filtering is important to many applications in engineering, biology, economics, atmospheric sciences and neuroscience. Several applications will be described to illustrate the theoretical concepts.

      This is joint work with Tao Yang and Sean Meyn at the University of Illinois.
  •  
  •  TALK   Nonparametric Bayesian Latent Variable Models
    Date & Time: Friday, July 27, 2012; 12:00 PM
    Speaker: Mingyuan Zhou, Duke University
    MERL Host: Dehong Liu
    Brief
    • Bayesian nonparametrics, using stochastic processes as prior distributions, is a relatively young and rapidly growing research area in statistics and machine learning. In this talk, we first briefly review completely random measures, a family of pure-jump non-negative stochastic processes that are simple to construct and amenable for posterior computation. We then present nonparametric Bayesian latent variable models based on the beta process, Bernoulli process, gamma process, Poisson process, and in particular, the negative binomial process. Specifically, for continuous data, we discuss dictionary learning with the beta-Bernoulli process and dependent hierarchical beta process, and for count data, we present the beta-negative binomial process and Poisson factor analysis. Furthermore, we discuss how the seeming disjoint count and mixture modelings can be united under the negative binomial processes framework, providing new opportunities to build mixture and hierarchical mixture models with better data fitting, more efficient inference and more flexible model constructions. We show successful applications of our nonparametric Bayesian latent variable models to image processing, topic modeling and count data analysis.
  •  
  •  NEWS   International Journal of Robust and Nonlinear Control: publication by Stefano Di Cairano and others
    Date: July 24, 2012
    Where: International Journal of Robust and Nonlinear Control
    MERL Contact: Stefano Di Cairano
    Research Area: Control
    Brief
    • The article "Model Predictive Control Approach for Guidance of Spacecraft Rendezvous and Proximity Maneuvering" by Di Cairano, S., Park, H. and Kolmanovsky, I. was published in International Journal of Robust and Nonlinear Control
  •  
  •  NEWS   IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security: publication by Ye Wang, Shantanu D. Rane and others
    Date: July 24, 2012
    Where: IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security
    MERL Contact: Ye Wang
    Research Area: Information Security
    Brief
    • The article "A Theoretical Analysis of Authentication, Privacy, and Reusability Across Secure Biometric Systems" by Wang, Y., Rane, S., Draper, S.C. and Ishwar, P. was published in IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security
  •  
  •  NEWS   IGARSS 2012: publication by Petros T. Boufounos and Dehong Liu
    Date: July 22, 2012
    Where: IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
    MERL Contacts: Dehong Liu; Petros Boufounos
    Research Areas: Digital Video, Computational Sensing
    Brief
    • The paper "Pan-Sharpening with Multi-scale Wavelet Dictionary" by Liu, D. and Boufounos, P.T. was presented at the IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
  •  
  •  TALK   A Pole-Placement Approach to the Design of Robust Linear Multivariable Control Systems
    Date: Thursday, July 19, 2012
    Speaker: Rick Vaccaro, University of Rhode Island
    MERL Host: Scott Bortoff
    Brief
    • The ability to directly specify the closed-loop poles of a multivariable control system is a major benefit of pole-placement algorithms for calculating state-feedback and observer gains. The drawback of these algorithms is the lack of any guarantee on the stability robustness of the resulting control system. The optimal control approach for calculating state-feedback gains (LQR) has a certain guaranteed robustness, but adding an observer (i.e. Kalman filter, LQG) can result in arbitrarily poor robustness. In this talk, a new pole-placement approach is introduced for calculating state-feedback and observer gains. The new approach optimizes robustness and gives impressive results, particularly for output feedback, observer-based control systems.
  •  
  •  NEWS   International Refrigeration and Air conditioning Conference at Purdue 2012: 2 publications by Daniel J. Burns, Daniel N. Nikovski, Christopher R. Laughman and Yiming Zhao
    Date: July 16, 2012
    Where: International Refrigeration and Air conditioning Conference at Purdue
    MERL Contacts: Christopher Laughman; Daniel Nikovski
    Brief
    • The papers "Fast Refrigerant Property Calculations Using Interpolation-Based Methods" by Laughman, C.R., Zhao, Y. and Nikovski, D. and "Extremum Seeking Control for Energy Optimization of Vapor Compression Systems" by Burns, D.J. and Laughman, C. were presented at the International Refrigeration and Air conditioning Conference at Purdue
  •  
  •  TALK   Threat Assessment and Semi-Autonomous Control of Manned and Unmanned Vehicles
    Date & Time: Monday, July 16, 2012; 2:00 PM
    Speaker: Dr. Karl Iagnemma, Director, MIT Robotic Mobility Group
    MERL Host: Stefano Di Cairano
    Brief
    • Operator error is a significant factor in a majority of manned and unmanned vehicle accidents. In this talk, a framework for semi-autonomous vehicle accident avoidance will be presented that has been shown to effectively mitigate collisions caused by operator error. The framework analyzes sensor data (from vision and/or LIDAR data) to identify "no go" regions in the environment, and automatically synthesize constraints on vehicle position. An optimal trajectory and associated control inputs are then found via linear or nonlinear model predictive control. The "threat" to the vehicle is quantified from various metrics computed over the optimal trajectory. A number of approaches for arbitrating between operator and control system authority, based on the predicted threat, will be discussed. Extensive simulation and experimental testing will be described for both manned and unmanned scenarios. Future directions in threat assessment and semi-autonomous control, based on the integration of vision-based sensing and active steering control, will also be discussed.
  •  
  •  TALK   Applications of Mobile Augmented Reality and Pervasive Computing in Architecture, Engineering, and Construction
    Date & Time: Tuesday, July 10, 2012; 11:00 AM
    Speaker: Prof Vineet Kamat, University of Michigan
    Research Area: Computer Vision
    Brief
    • This talk will present ongoing research at the University of Michigan Laboratory for Interactive Visualization in Engineering (LIVE) that is exploring applications of mobile pervasive computing and visualization in design, engineering, and construction. Findings from three specific research projects will be presented: Interactive Visualization of Construction Operations in Mobile Outdoor Augmented Reality; Rapid Building Damage Evaluation using Augmented Reality and Structural Simulation; and Location-Aware Contextual Information Access and Retrieval for Rapid On-Site Decision Making. In each case, the development of fundamental algorithms, their implementation as reusable and modular software, and their implementation in the engineering applications will be described.
  •  
  •  NEWS   ICME 2012: publication by Shantanu D. Rane and others
    Date: July 9, 2012
    Where: IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)
    Research Area: Information Security
    Brief
    • The paper "A Distance-sensitive Attribute Based Cryptosystem for Privacy-Preserving Querying" by Sun, W. and Rane, S. was presented at the IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)
  •  
  •  TALK   Quadratic Gaussian Multiterminal Source Coding
    Date & Time: Friday, July 6, 2012; 12:00 PM
    Speaker: Zixiang Xiong, Texas A&M University
    MERL Host: Anthony Vetro
    Brief
    • Driven by a host of emerging applications, distributed source coding has assumed renewed interest in the past decade. Although the Slepian-Wolf theorem has been known for almost 40 years and progresses have been made recently on the rate region of quadratic Gaussian two-terminal source coding, finding the sum-rate bound of quadratic Gaussian multiterminal source coding with more than two terminals is still an open problem. In this talk, I'll briefly go over existing results on distributed source coding problems before describing a set of new results we obtained recently.
  •  
  •  TALK   Sparse projections onto convex sets
    Date: Tuesday, July 3, 2012
    Speaker: Prof. Volkan Cevher, EPFL
    MERL Host: Petros Boufounos
    Brief
    • Many natural and man-made signals exhibit a few degrees of freedom relative to their dimension due to natural parameterizations or constraints. The inherent low-dimensional structure of such signals are mathematically modeled via combinatorial and geometric concepts, such as sparsity, unions-of-subspaces, or spectral sets, and are now revolutionizing the way we address linear inverse problems from incomplete data.

      In this talk, we describe a set of structured sparse models for constrained linear inverse problems that feature exact and epsilon-approximate projections in polynomial time. We pay particular attention to the sparsity models based on matroids, multi-knapsack, and clustering as well as spectrally constrained models. We then study sparse projections onto convex sets, such as the (general) simplex, and ell-1,2,inf balls. Finally, we describe a hybrid optimization framework which explicitly leverages these non-convex models along with additional convex constraints to obtain better recovery performance in compressive sensing, learn interpretable sparse densities from finite samples, and improved sparse Markowitzs portfolios with better return/cost performance.
  •  
  •  NEWS   ISIT 2012: 2 publications by Toshiaki Koike-Akino, Philip V. Orlik and others
    Date: July 1, 2012
    Where: IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT)
    MERL Contacts: Philip Orlik; Toshiaki Koike-Akino
    Brief
    • The papers "Rateless Feedback Codes" by Sorensen, J.H., Koike-Akino, T. and Orlik, P. and "Ripple Design of LT Codes for AWGN Channel" by Sorensen, J.H., Koike-Akino, T., Orlik, P., Ostergaard, J. and Popovski, P. were presented at the IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT)
  •  
  •  TALK   Visual 3D/4D modeling of urban places and events
    Date & Time: Friday, June 29, 2012; 2:30 PM
    Speaker: Prof. Marc Pollefeys, ETH Zurich and UNC Chapel Hill
    Research Area: Computer Vision
    Brief
    • One of the fundamental problems of computer vision is to extract 3D shape and motion from images. This can be achieved when a scene or object is observed from different viewpoints or over a period of time. First, we will discuss image-based 3D modeling and localization in large environments, e.g. urban 3D reconstruction from vehicle-borne cameras and (geo)localization from mobile-phone images. In this context, we will discuss some of the challenges an opportunities offered by symmetries of architectural structures. We will also discuss how changes in an urban environment can be detected from images, leading to the possibility to efficiently acquire 4D models. In addition to explicit 4D modeling of an event, we'll consider the possibility to perform interactive video-based rendering from casually captured videos.
  •